ENHANCING INDONESIA'S NATIONAL DEFENSE: SOLDIER SUPERVISION AND DISCIPLINE IN THE INDONESIAN NATIONAL ARMY

Manahan Budiarto Pandjaitan(1*), Mohamad Khusaini(2),

(1) University of Brawijaya
(2) University of Brawijaya
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The Indonesian National Military, as the main component of defense, together with all components of the nation and society, should foster National Resilience. Supervision and discipline are essential in supporting TNI work's professionalism to maintain the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia's national defense effort. The purpose of the study is to determine the ideal supervision mechanism in an institution to achieve the best performance of soldiers for strong National Resilience, analyze the disciplinary attitude of soldiers in improving the performance of TNI institutions as the main component of national defense for resilient National Resilience, and analyze the relationship between supervision and individual discipline related to achieving the best performance of soldiers on the performance of TNI institutions as the main component of national defense for resilient National Resilience. The research method uses a literature study approach with five stages: identification of research objectives, collection of literature sources, selection of literature sources, analysis and synthesis, and writing of articles. The result of the research is an ideal supervision mechanism in an institution, namely with a system that is careful, transparent, and oriented to soldiers' performance. The disciplinary attitude of soldiers affects a national defense system that is resilient, responsive, and able to face various threats because the disciplinary attitude of soldiers is implemented through rules that are well adhered to, able to complete tasks on time, have integrity, and a disciplinary attitude has a positive impact on the professionalism of soldiers. With a strong relationship between supervision and individual discipline, TNI can create an environment where soldiers can perform best, contributing significantly to solid and effective national resilience. Through strict supervision, soldiers will feel monitored and supervised in their every action, naturally encouraging a higher level of discipline.


Keywords


Discipline;defense; supervision; soldier; state

Full Text:

PDF

References


Astaryadi, Eka Soni, Legionosuko, Tri, & Simatupang, Haposan. (2018). Peran Pengawasan di Lingkungan Institusi Pertahanan Dalam Rangka Mendukung Sistem Pertahanan Negara (Studi di Mabes TNI Angkatan Udara Tahun 2018). Strategi Perang Semesta, 4(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.56555/sps.v4i2.287

Budiman, Ahmad, Ardipandanto, Aryojati, Fitri, Aulia, & Dewanti, Siti Chaerani. (2021). Pembangunan Kekuatan Minimum Komponen Utama Pertahanan Negara di Era New Normal (1st ed.; Widiastuti, Ed.). Retrieved from https://shorturl.at/djMNU

Conchie, Stacey M. (2013). Transformational leadership, intrinsic motivation, and trust: A moderated-mediated model of workplace safety. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 18(2), 198–210. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0031805

Curcuruto, Matteo, & Griffin, Mark A. (2023). Upward safety communication in the workplace: How team leaders stimulate employees’ voice through empowering and monitoring supervision. Safety Science, 157, 105947. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2022.105947

Damanik, Chehafni, Suwarno, Panji, Asih, Bayu, Widodo, Pujo, & Saragih, Herlina Juni Risma. (2023). Peran TNI AL Dalam Pengamanan Pulau Terluar Berhala Upaya Mempertahankan Kedaulatan Negara Dalam Perspektif Keamanan Maritim. Jurnal Kewarganegaraan, 7(1), 263–275. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31316/jk.v7i1.4763

Difaul Haqi, Jihan, & Ainul Hidayati, Roziana. (2023). Analisis Disiplin Kerja Karyawan Pada PT. XYZ Gresik. Innovative: Journal Of Social Science Research, 3(6), 2553–2567. https://doi.org/10.31004/innovative.v3i6.6320

Fauzi, Akhmad. (2020). Manajemen kinerja (1st ed.). Retrieved from https://shorturl.at/fgDUZ

Febriani, Aulia Lutfi. (2022). Upaya Peningkatan Pengawasan Pengisian Bahan Bakar Minyak Pada Kapal TNI AL Guna Meminimalisir Terjadinya Kecelakaan Kerja Di Wilayah Koarmada II Surabaya (POLITEKNIK ILMU PELAYARAN SEMARANG). Retrieved from http://repository.pip-semarang.ac.id/id/eprint/4284

Halawa, Erni Sari. (2021). Erni Sari Halawa Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Pada Kantor Camat Onohazumba Kabupaten Nias Selatan. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Nias Selatan, 4(1). Retrieved from https://jurnal.uniraya.ac.id/index.php/jim/article/view/287

Hamid, Muliyadi, & Suyuti, Nurmadhani Fitri. (2023). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Dan Disiplin Terhadap Kinerja Personel Prajurit TNI-AD Di Kodim 1419 Enrekang. MANOR: JURNAL MANAJEMEN DAN ORGANISASI REVIEW, 5(1), 58–65. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.47354/mjo.v5i1.474

Hananto, B. Kombang. (2021). Strategi Manajemen Keuangan Akuntabel Mabes TNI Menghadapi Ancaman Militer. Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia (Japendi), 2(11). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.59141/japendi.v2i11.388.

Handoko. (2017). Manajemen Personalia dan Manajemen Sumberdaya Manusia. Jakarta: Gramedia pustaka utama.

Hariyani, Ratna. (2020). Pengaruh Motivasi Kerja, Disiplin Kerja dan Insentif Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Pada Staf Perencanaan Umum Tentara Nasional Indonesia (SRENUM TNI) (YAYASAN STIE IPWIJA). Retrieved from http://repository.stieipwija.ac.id/id/eprint/960

Khalik, Abdu, Hamzah, Mukhtar, & Sapada, Mh Iqbal Andi. (2023). Pengaruh Kedisiplinan, Lingkungan Kerja dan Budaya Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai pada Kantor Kecamatan Biringkanaya Makassar. Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen & Kewirausahaan, 9(3), 187–198. Retrieved from https://journal.stieamsir.ac.id/index.php/man/article/view/253

Khofifah, Nur. (2023). Kedisiplinan Dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Pegawai di Badan Kepegawaian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Daerah Kabupaten Brebes (Universitas Islam Sultan Agung). Retrieved from http://repository.unissula.ac.id/id/eprint/32794

Kusumah, Muhammad Iwan, Syahtaria, Ikhwan, Sianturi, Dohar, Saragih, Herlina Juni Risma, & Bangun, Ernalem. (2022). Strategi Interoperabilitas Sistem Informasi Tni Guna Mendukung Komando Dan Pengendalian Operasi Pengamanan Perbatasan Di Laut Natuna Utara. Jurnal Inovasi Penelitian, 2(8), 2819–2832. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.47492/jip.v2i8.1233

Mahendra, Yustika Citra, & Pinatih, Ni Komang Desy Setiawati Arya. (2023). Strategi Penanganan Keamanan Siber (Cyber Security) Di Indonesia. Jurnal Review Pendidikan Dan Pengajaran (JRPP), 6(4), 1941–1949. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.31004/jrpp.v6i4.20659

Manurung, Martin M. S., Werijon, & Saputra, Roni. (2021). Optimalisasi Pendidikan Komando Marinir Meningkatkan Profesionalisme Prajurit Korps Marinir Mendukung Tugas TNI Angkatan Laut. Jurnal Abdimas Bina Bangsa, 2(1), 155–170. https://doi.org/10.46306/jabb.v2i1.100

Nikmat, Katarina. (2022). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia dan Perilaku Organisasi: Pengaruh Gaya Kepemimpinan terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Pegawai (1st ed.; M. Hidayat & Miskadi, Eds.). Retrieved from https://shorturl.at/hKRUY

Nurdin, Nurdin. (2020). Ancaman Pemberatan Pada Jenis Hukuman Disiplin Militer Sebagai Upaya Pencegahan Pelanggaran Disiplin Prajurit Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI). Legal Spirit, 3(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31328/ls.v3i1.1462

Ollong, Emy, Latuconsina, Rukiah, Angkotasan, Maulana Nur Fajri, & Marasabessy, Hery Hermawan. (2021). Upaya Menciptakan POLRI Sebagai Institusi yang Mampu Mewujudkan Peradilan yang Jujur, Adil dan Bersih. Aneka Hukum: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 1(1), 17–29. Retrieved from https://unidar.e-journal.id/jih/article/view/180

Panese, Joucelin Alaida. (2021). Pengaruh Profesionalisme Tenaga Pendidik Dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Prestasi Kerja Prajurit Pada Akademi TNI. Aliansi: Jurnal Manajemen Dan Bisnis, 16(2), 95–104. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/download/86032103/pdf.pdf

Prajogo, Patricia Narulita, Hadisancoko, Rizerius Eko, & Widodo, Pujo. (2023). Peran Strategis Komando Daerah Militer (Kodam) IV/Diponegoro Dalam Mengatasi Ancaman Terorisme dan Radikalisme Guna Mendukung Kedaulatan Negara. Manajemen Pertahanan: Jurnal Pemikiran Dan Penelitian Manajemen Pertahanan, 9(1).

Pratama, Gilang, & Elistia, Elistia. (2020). Analisis Motivasi Kerja, Kepemimpinan Transformasional dan Budaya Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Dimediasi Kepuasan Kerja Pada Angkatan Kerja Generasi Z. Jurnal Ekonomi: Journal of Economic, 11(02).

Ramvita, Ramvita. (2023). Analisis Disiplin Pegawai Negeri Sipil pada Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Daerah Provinsi Lampung (Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik). Retrieved from https://digilib.unila.ac.id/69767/

Reznikova, Olga. (2022). National resilience in a changing security environment. Retrieved from https://www.marshallcenter.org/sites/default/files/files/2023-01/National Resilience_EN.pdf

Rivaldo, Yandra, & Nabella, Septa Diana. (2023). Employee performance: Education, training, experience and work discipline. Calitatea, 24(193), 182–188. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Yandra-Rivaldo/publication/369498939_Employee_Performance_Education_Training_Experience_and_Work_Discipline/links/641ddd3092cfd54f8428ace8/Employee-Performance-Education-Training-Experience-and-Work-Discipline.pdf?origin=journalDetail&_tp=eyJwYWdlIjoiam91cm5hbERldGFpbCJ9

Rochullah, Mochammad Sidik, Guyana, Daniel, & Christian, Nico. (2022). Reformasi Birokrasi pada Organisasi Mako Korps Marinir TNI AL Melalui Optimalisasi Penataan dan Penguatan Manajemen Sumberdaya. NUSANTARA: Jurnal Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, 9(3), 439–447. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31604/jips.v9i2.2022.439-447

Sahary, Fitry Taufiq, Mutaqin, Rizal, Mutaqin, Ghani, & Dharmopadni, Dwi Shinta. (2023). Transformation of Indonesian Army Personnel to Produce Experts Soldiers in the Field of Technology. Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi Ttg Kajian & Strategi Pertahanan Yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism & Integrity, 9(1), 167. https://doi.org/10.33172/jp.v9i1.3264

Sarjito, Ir Aris, Duarte, Editha Praditya, & Sos, S. (2023). Geopolitik dan Geostrategi Pertahanan: Tantangan Keamanan Global (1st ed.; Anak Agung Bany Perwita, Ed.). Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=id&lr=&id=s1vXEAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=Geopolitik+dan+Geostrategi+Pertahanan:+Tantangan+Keamanan+Global&ots=jF1VmXtzUX&sig=X0w-sVVpi0yFa8M9RsEHQuFZjYc&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Geopolitik dan Geostrategi Pertahanan%3A Tantangan Keamanan Global&f=false

Sedamayanti, Sedamayanti. (2020). Reformasi Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Di Daerah. Jurnal Wacana Kinerja: Kajian Praktis-Akademis Kinerja Dan Administrasi Pelayanan Publik, 10(3), 87–107. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31845/jwk.v10i3.402

Soesanto, Edy. (2023). Pelatihan Pengoperasian Alat Magnetometer untuk Identifikasi Ranjau dengan SATRAN ARMADA II TNI-AL di Selat Madura. Jurnal Sains Teknologi Dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, 4(1), 29–40. https://doi.org/10.31599/jstpm.v4i1.2525

Stokes, Anne. (2023). Online Supervision: A Handbook for Practitioners (1st ed.; Philippa Weitz, Ed.). https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003423621

Subianto, Prabowo. (2022). Kepemimpinan Militer, Catatan dari Pengalaman Penulis: Letnan Jenderal TNI (Purn) Prabowo Subianto (1st ed.). Jakarta: PT Media Pandu Bangsa.

Supomo, R., & Nurhayati, Eti. (2018). Manajemen sumber daya manusia. In Bandung: Yrama Widya (1st ed., Vol. 3). Bandung: Yrama Widya.

Syawaldi, Eriz, & Triadi, Irwan. (2023). Hukum Pertahanan Dan Keamanan Negara “State Defense And Security Law.” Doktrin: Jurnal Dunia Ilmu Hukum Dan Politik, 1(4), 56–67. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.59581/doktrin.v1i4.1355

Tsabita, Adinda Wira Zahra, Fanfa, Hawa Shabilla, & Syahada, Muhammad Rifki. (2023). Systematic Literature Review (SLR): Standar Manajemen Keamanan Sistem Perbankan. Journal Central Publisher, 1(4), 310–327. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.60145/jcp.v1i4.91

Uksan, Arifuddin. (2017). Pendidikan Karakter TNI Dalam Menghadapai Tantangan Globalisasi: Studi Kasus Pusat Pembinaan Mental TNI (Sekolah Pascasarjana UIN Jakarta). Retrieved from https://repository.uinjkt.ac.id/dspace/handle/123456789/44995

Wulansari, Eka Martiana. (2017). Hukum Disiplin Prajurit Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI) Paska Reformasi. RechtsVinding Online, Media Pembinaan Hukum Nasional, Http://Rechtsvinding. Bphn. Go. Id/Jurnal_online/. Pdf. Retrieved from https://rechtsvinding.bphn.go.id/jurnal_online/Hukum Disiplin Prajurit Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI).pdf

Zulkarnain, Iskandar, & Susilo, Edi. (2022). Interoperabilitas TNI AL Dan Ditjen Bea Cukai Dalam Melaksanakan Pengawasan Terhadap Pelanggaran Di Wilayah Laut Nusantara. Journal of Industrial Engineering & Management Research, 3(6), 169–174. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.7777/jiemar.v3i6.411




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33172/jpbh.v13i3.14653

Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Pertahanan dan Bela Negara

Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY-NC-SA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.