INDONESIAN INTERNET USERS POTENTIAL IN COUNTER-CYBER RADICALIZATION

Rizky Reza Lubis

Abstract


Abstrak – Tulisan ini menjelaskan proses radikalisasi yang terjadi di dunia maya, dengan melihat bagaimana dan mengapa masyarakat Indonesia rentan menjadi target organisasi teroris khususnya dalam hal perekrutan melalui dunia maya. Teroris tidak hanya memanfaatkan akses internet sebagai sarana komunikasi, tetapi juga memanfaatkannya sebagai sarana dalam menyembunyikan identitas dan lokasi saat menyebarkan ideologi radikal. Konsep yang digunakan dalam tulisan ini adalah cyber radicalization, yang merupakan konsep baru yang terbentuk dari konsep ancaman cyber dan radikalisasi. Adapun hasil dari tulisan ini menunjukkan bahwa pengguna internet Indonesia memliliki potensi yang besar untuk melawan radikaslisasi di dunia maya dan memilki kapasitas dalam mendukung agenda counter terrorism di dunia maya. Namun, hal tersebut masih menghadapi beberapa tantangan, sehingga diperlukan pemanfaatan pengguna internet oleh pemerintah secara maksimum dalam agenda counter-cyber radicalization.


Kata Kunci: Cyber, radikalisasi, terorisme, Indonesia


Abstract - This paper discusses the process of radicalization in cyberspace. It will look at how and why Indonesia are vulnerable in society and targeted by terrorist organizations in an attempt to recruit them, especially in cyberspace. The terrorists have become expert, not only using the latest tools of internet communications, but to do it in a way that can shield their identities and even their locations when spreading the radical ideology. The concept that used in this paper is cyber-radicalization, which is the new concept that merged from cyber threat and radicalization. The result from this paper shown that Indonesia netizens (internet users) had great potency to fight radicalization in the cyberspace and the capacity for supporting government counter-cyber radicalization agenda. However, fighting cyber radicalization in that way faced several challenges. Therefore Indonesia’s government should benefited the netizens to reach the optimum point on counter-cyber radicalization agenda.


Keywords: cyber, radicalization, terrorism, Indonesia.


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References


References

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33172/jpbh.v7i2.190

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