Rizky Reza Lubis(1*),

(1) LPPM-Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Abstract –Indonesia is one of the countries which has many maritime security issues that needs to be managed appropriately through defense diplomacy approach, including the ASEAN framework. ADMM Plus on Maritime Security as the highest defense forum and dialog in ASEAN on maritime security issues is expected to be able to build confidence building measures and mutual trust between ASEAN member states and non-member states in solving maritime security issues. However, some goals have not been achieved due to many complex problems on maritime security in domestic sphere. This paper will use securitization theory, defense diplomacy concept, and maritime security concept for analyzing the maritime security issues in Indonesia which need securitization for supporting its defense diplomacy at ADMM Plus on Maritime Security. However, the securitization progress faced several challenges coming from various aspects, especially the habit of political leaders that only use maritime security as political instrument without concerning to the real security issues.
Keywords: Maritime Security, Securitization, ADMM-Plus, Defense Diplomacy

Full Text:





ASEAN Secretariat. 2008.The ASEAN Charter. Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat.

Buzan, Barry dan Lene Hansen. 2009. The Evolution of International Security Studies. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Buzan, Barry dan Eric Herring. 1988.The Arms Dynamic in World Politics. Boulder: Lynne Rienner. Herbert-Burns, R., dkk. 2008. Lloyd's MIU Handbook of Maritime Security. New York: CRC Press.

Jakarta International Defense Dialog (JIDD). 2014. “Strategic Assessment Building Maritime Collaboration for Security and Stabilityâ€.Jakarta: JIDD. Palma, M. Ann, dkk. 2010.Promoting Sustainable Fisheries: The International Legal and Policy Framework to Combat Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing.Boston: Martinus Nijhoff. Sondankh, B. Ken. 2004.National Sovereignty and Security in the Strait of Malacca. Kuala Lumpur: MIMA International Conference on the Straits of Malacca. Singh, Bhubhindar. 2011.Introduction: Defence Diplomacy and Southeast Asia. From ‘Boots’ to ‘Brogues’: The Rise of Defense Diplomacy in Southeast Asia, RSIS Monograph. Singapore: Rajaratnam School of International Studies.

Febrica, Senia. 2017. Maritime Security and Indonesia: Cooperation, Interests and Strategies. New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.


Carpie, David.2013. “Structures, Shocks and Norm Change: Explaining the Late Rise of Asia's Defence Diplomacyâ€. Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal ofInternational and Strategic Affairs.Vol.31. No.1. April. Gindarsah, Iis dan Adhi Priamarizki. 2015, “Indonesia’s Maritime Doctrine and Security Concernsâ€. RSIS Policy Report. Vol. 9. No 9. April. Hansen, Stig J. 2014. “Private security &Local Politics in Somaliaâ€. Review of African Political Economy. Vol.35 No. 118. December. Hansen, Lenne. 2002. “The Little Mermaid's Silent Security Dilemma and The Absence of Gender in The Copenhagen Schoolâ€. Millennium-Journal of International Studies. Vol. 29, No. 2. June. Huysmans, Jeff. 2002. “Defining Social Constructivism in Security Studies: The Normative Dilemma of Writing Securityâ€. Alternatives-Amsterdam Then New York Then Guildford. Vol. 27. No 1. February. Jaelan, Abdul Q, dan Udiyo Basuki. 2013. “Illegal Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing: Efforts to Prevent and Eradicate Illegal Fishing in Building Indonesian Maritime Axisâ€. Journal of Law Supremacy. Vol.3. No 1. June.

Matthew, Davies. 2013.“Explaining the Vientiane Action Programme: Asean and the Institutionalisation of Human Rightsâ€. The Pacific Review.Vol. 26. No 4. September.

Nugraha, M. H. R. dan Arfin Sudirman. 2016. “Maritime Diplomacy as Indonesia Maritime Security Development Strategyâ€. Journal of Political Discourse. Vol. 1. No 2. October. Raine, Sarah dan Christian Le Mière. 2013.“Chapter Three: Southeast Asia–between Emerging Great-Power Rivalryâ€. Adelphi Series. Vol. 3. No.1. April.

Sumakul, W. F. 2015. “National Interest (Indonesia) and Developing the Defense Powerâ€. Quarterdeck. Vol. 9. No 7. November. Saeri, M. 2013. “Characteristics and Problems of Malacca Straitâ€. Transnational Journal. Vol. 4. No.2. May. Tan, S. Seng. 2011.“Providers not protectors: institutionalizing responsible sovereignty in Southeast Asiaâ€. Asian Security Journal. Vol. 7. No 13. September. Yanti dan Bayu Vita Indah. 2014. “Capacity Building for Fishermen Related to State Defense Efforts in Border Areasâ€. Journal of Social Economic Policy on Marine and Fisheries. Vol. 4. No.1. June.


ASEAN, “ASEAN Plan of Action to Combat Transnational Crimeâ€, dalam, 20 September 2017, diakses pada 5 Februari 2018.

“About the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM)â€, dalam, 14 Januari 2014, diakses pada 20 Januari 2018.

Berlianto, “Military Operation kills 40 Abu Sayyaf combatantsâ€, in, 12 July 2016, accessed on 25 January 2018.

Center of International Maritime Security, “The ISPS-Code and Maritime Terrorismâ€, in, 15 Juli 2014, accessed on 5 February 2018.

Defence Media Center, 4th JIDD Discussing the Efforts to Build Maritime Security Cooperation, in,17 March 2014, accessed on 3 February 2018.

“Indonesia as the World Maritime Axisâ€, in 13 November 2015, accessed on 3 February 2018.

Wahyu Susilo, “Behind the Indonesias Ship crew Hostageâ€, in, 11 July 2016, accessed on 25 January 2018.

“Indonesian Navy-Hold the Important Role in Guarding the Maritime Security ", in, 12 July 2015, accessed on 3 February 2018.

Abraham Utama, “Overlapping Law Enforcementâ€, in, 5 October 2015, accessed on 5 February 2018.

Thesis and Dissertation

Lubis, Rizky Reza. 2017. "Indonesia's Defense Diplomacy in Reducing Great Powers' Rivalry in the South China Sea" (Thesis). Sentul: Indonesia Defense University.

Pedrason, Rodon. 2015. “Asean's Defense Diplomacy: The Road to Southeast Asian Defense Communityâ€. (Dissertation). Heidelberg: Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg. Palma, Mary A. 2009. “The Philippines as an Archipelagic and Maritime Nation: Interests, Challenges, and Perspectivesâ€. (Dissertation). Sydney: University of Wollongong.


IMB. 2015. “Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships-2015 Annual Report (January–December 2015)â€. London: ICC-IMB.

Simon, Sheldon W. 2010. “Safety and Security in the Malacca Strait: The Limits of Collaborationâ€. NBR Special Report 201.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Pertahanan & Bela Negara

google_scholar garudacrosref onesearchsinta

Office Address:
Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Republic of Indonesia Defense University
Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, Paseban,Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10440, Indonesia

Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY-NC-SA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View Jurnal Pertahanan dan Bela Negara Stats