AGRARIAN CONFLICT AND DISINTEGRATION: CHALLENGES FOR INDONESIA’S NATIONAL SECURITY

Erlinda Matondang

Abstract


In some countries, disintegration is happened because politization of disparities which had been their foundation in the beginning. Indonesia is precisely standing as a country with its disparities—which can be called as plurality—in ethnics, races, and faiths. As a country with plurality in its society, Indonesia is really fragile in facing domestic conflicts; one of them is agrarian conflicts. This article is written for understanding the relations between agrarian conflict and disintegration and also finding their position in Indonesian national security system. Thus, the object of the observation in this article is the relations between agrarian conflict and disintegration and their position in Indonesian national security system. The results of this observation bring the fact that agrarian conflicts can trigger disintegration among people and decrease legitimacy to the government. The possibility of disintegration is determined by subject-object dimension and government’s policies. Besides, agrarian conflicts can be classified as threats to Indonesian national security. There are four reasons why agrarian conflict should be placed as a threat to national security, i.e. conflict subject and object are Indonesia’s physical-based component which have to be protected; overlapping policy (institutional component) causing conflict; plurality issues; and anarchical behaviors often estimated as the best solution.

Keywords: agrarian, disintegration, national security, conflict


Full Text:

PDF

References


References

Book

Buzan, Barry. 1983. People, States, and Fear 2nd Edition: An Agenda for International Security Studies in the Post-Cold War Era. Sussex: Wheatsheaf Book, Ltd.

Departemen Pertahanan Republik Indonesia. 2008. Buku Putih Pertahanan Indonesia 2008. Jakarta: Departemen Pertahanan Republik Indonesia.

Galtung, Johan. 1958. Theories of Conflict: Definitions, Dimensions, Negations, and Formations. Colombia: Colombia University.

Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria. 2018. Catatan Akhir Tahun 2018: Masa Depan Reforma Agraria Melampaui Tahun Politik. Jakarta: Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria.

Journal

Cahyono, Heru. 2008. “The State and Society in Conflict Resolution in Indonesia (Conflict Area of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan)”. Journal of Indonesian Social Science and Humanities. Vol. 1.

Website

CNBC Indonesia, 7 November 2019, “Wamen ATR Buka-bukaan Soal Tumpang Tindih Lahan dan Mafia Tanah”, dala, https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/profil/20191106155628-41-113177/wamen-atr-buka-bukaan-soal-tumpang-tindih-lahan-mafia-tanah, accessed on 8 November 2019.

Kantor Staf Kepresidenan, “KSP Siap Bantu DPRD Kabupaten se-Indonesia Selesaikan Konflik Agraria”, 30 August 2018, in http://ksp.go.id/ksp-siap-bantu-dprd-kabupaten-se-indonesia-selesaikan-konflik-agraria/, accessed on 25 September 2019.

Lupito, A, “Konflik Pengelolaan Wisata Pantai di Kabupaten Malang dipastikan Berlanjut, Berikut Akar Persoalannya”, in https://www.malangtimes.com/baca/32154/20181013/232400/konflik-pengelolaan-wisata-pantai-di-kabupaten-malang-dipastikan-berlanjut-berikut-akar-persoalannya, accessed on 8 November 2019.

Paszkiewicz, J. 2018. "Factors affecting disintegration and integration processes in the Balkans after the Cold War”, in https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324390478_Factors_affecting_disintegration_and_integration_processes_in_the_Balkans_after_the_Cold_War.

Portal Informasi Indonesia. (n.d.), ‘Suku Bangsa”, in https://www.indonesia.go.id/profil/suku-bangsa, accessed on 14 September 2019.

Newspaper

Azra, Azyumardi, “Pidana Kebencian”, Kompas, 29 August 2019.

Working Paper

Vaccaro, Matthew. 2015. “Conflict Prevention and Resolution”. Defence Diplomacy Short Course di Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, pada 29 July 2015.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33172/jpbh.v9i3.643

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Pertahanan & Bela Negara

View My StatCounter