Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

The focus and scope of the Jurnal Pertahanan dan Bela Negara covers:

  1. Ideology and Nationalism: Exploring the philosophical and ideological foundations that shape national identity and cohesion;
  2. State Defense: Analyzing strategies, policies, and measures employed by a nation to protect its territorial integrity and national interests;
  3. National Resilience: Investigating the ability of a nation to withstand and recover from various challenges, including security threats and natural disasters;
  4. Defense Studies: Explore multidisciplinary studies concerned with military affairs, military forces, and defense systems;
  5. Security Studies: Addressing a wide range of security issues, including regional and global security challenges, and examining policies and measures to maintain security and stability;
  6. Other topics contributing to the development of military, defense and security theory and practice.
The journal may present only original contributions, i.e., those that have not been published elsewhere, nor are currently under consideration in any other refereed journal. All articles are double blind peer-reviewed by at least two peer-reviewers. All contributions are refereed in the "peer review" process by experts appointed by the editorial board of Jurnal Pertahanan dan Bela Negara. Contributions are published exclusively in English (American), and Indonesian language


Section Policies


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

Peer Review Policy . The practice of peer review is to ensure that good science is published. It is an objective process at the heart of good scholarly publishing and is carried out on all reputable scientific journals. Manuscript will be reviewed based on the following rules:

  1. Originality of manuscripts submitted to publishing.
  2. Methodologies and theories used in accordance with the topic.
  3. In-depth analysis.
  4. Writing rules in accordance with the terms scientific criteria
  5. Double Blind Peer Review


Open Access Policy

Jurnal Pertahanan dan Bela Negara provide open access to public support for the global exchange of knowledge. All articles published open and permanent access is free for everyone to read and download. We continue to provide the best selection of licenses for our authors, are currently assigned to this journal as follows:

Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY-NC-SA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


Plagiarism Policy

  • Plagiarism and self-plagiarism are not allowed;
  • The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted;
  • An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable;
  • Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Working Process:

  1. Editorial Team checking manuscript on offline and online database manually (checking proper citation and quotation);
  2. Editorial Team checking manuscript by using Turnitin app. If it is found plagiarism indication (more than 20%), the board will reject the manuscript immediately.