MENENTUKAN BATAS NEGARA GUNA MENINGKATKAN PENGAWASAN, PENEGAKAN HUKUM, DAN KEDAULATAN NKRI

Hasjim Djalal

Abstract


In order to assure the control and the law enforcement as well as the sovereignty of a state in a border area, they will have first of all determine the borderline of the states, preferably with the neighboring states as the case maybe. Indonesia is very conscious of determining its borders with its neighbors, either on land or at sea and in the air, as well as in the seabed area (continental shelf) beyond its territorial sovereignty. Therefore, it has to determine a number of maritime borders with different rights and obligations, such as internal waters, archipelagic waters, territorial sea, contiguous zones, economic zones, and continental shelf/margin. In addition, in view of its strategic location, it has also to determine the location or the archipelagic sea lanes in order foreign vessels to be able to exercise the right of archipelagic sea lanes passage in addition to the right of innocent passage. Moreover, being an archipelagic state with a very large and intensive process of decentralization, Indonesia also has to deal with the problems of boundaries between the various provinces in the country either maritime or land boundaries.

 

Keywords: maritime boundaries, agreements with neighboring states, different kind of maritime boundaries.


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References


Kompas, 24 Mei 2002, dalam http://www.kompas.com.

PP No.36/2002 tentang Hak Dan Kewajiban Kapal Asing Dalam Melaksanakan Lintas Damai Melalui Perairan Indonesia

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PP No.38/2002 tentang Daftar Koordinat Geografis Titik-Titik Garis Pangkal Kepulauan Indonesia

United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), 1982.

UU No. 17/1985 tentang Pengesahan United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea (Konvensi Perserikatan Bangsa Bangsa Tentang Hukum Laut.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33172/jpbh.v3i2.383

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