ENHANCING SAFETY AND SECURITY IN INDONESIAN WATERS: COOPERATIONS WITHIN DIPLOMACY FRAMEWORK

Kresno Buntoro

Abstract


The Indonesian waters is for world seaborne trade, military and naval movement, and other maritime interests. So it has a strategic value for maintaining economic security, peace, and stability in the region. Indonesia has the responsibility to address the challenges presented by activities conducted in its waters, such as marine pollution, depletion of marine resources and criminal activities at sea. These challenges also arise out of the fact that there are only a few provisions in the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention which regulate the obligations of ships or user states to share the burden faced by states which possess sea lanes of communication. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of maritime security challenges within Indonesia in light of its obligations to ensure safety of navigation and security. A number of recommendations are brought up to show efforts have been made by Indonesia in maintaining the safety and security in its waters in the light of defense and naval diplomacy.

 

Keywords: maritime safety and security, Indonesian waters, cooperation, diplomacy


Full Text:

PDF

References


Books

Alexander, Lewis M. 1986. Navigational Restrictions within the New LOS Context:

Geographical Implications for the United States. Peace Dale, Rhode Island: Offshore Consultants.

Buntoro, Kresno. 2014. Lintas Navigasi di Nusantara Indonesia. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

---------------, 2012. Alur Laut Kepulauan Indonesia (ALKI) Prospek dan Kendala. Jakarta:

Seskoal.

Cable, James. 1981. Gun Boat Diplomacy 1919-1979: Political Application of Limited Naval

Force. New York: St Martin Press.

Ho, Joshua. 2007. "The Importance and Security of Regional Sea Lanes", in Kwa Chong

Guan and John K Skogan (eds). Maritime Security in Southeast Asia. London and

New York: Routledge

Indonesia Naval Headquarters. 2004. Eka Sasana Jaya (1sted), Jakarta: Mabes AL.

Leifer, Michael. 1978. International Straits of the World: Malacca, Singapore and Indonesia.

Netherlands : Sijthoff & Noordhof Publisher.

Marsetio. 2014. Sea Power Indonesia. Jakarta: Unhan.

Ministry of Defence. 2008. Indonesian Defence White Paper. Jakarta : Ministry of Defence.

Sumaryono, Djoko. 2009. "The Indonesian Maritime Security Coordinating Board" in Robert B Cribb and Michelle Ford (eds). Indonesia beyond the Water's Edge: Managing an Archipelagic State. Singapore: ISEAS Publishing.

Till, Geoffrey. 2003. Sea Power: A Guide for the Twenty First Century. London: Frank Cass.

Journals

Buntoro, Kresno. 2009. “Burden Sharing: An Alternative Solution in order to Secure Choke Points within Indonesia Waters”. Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs 13. Vol. 1. No.4.

Burke, Karin M and Deborah A DeLeo. "Innocent Passage and Transit Passage in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea" (1982-1983). 9 Yale Journal of World Public Order 389.

Dyke, Jon M Van. 2004."Balancing Navigational Freedom with Environmental and

Security Concerns". Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Policy. No. 15.

Reisman, W Michael. 1980."The Regimes of Straits and National Security: An Appraisal of

International Lawmaking". American Journal of International Law 30. Vol.74.No.48.

Academic Papers

Akimoto, Kazumine. 2001. "The Current State of Maritime Security - Structural

Weaknesses and Threats in the Sea Lanes". Paper presented at the Maritime

Security in Southeast Asia and Southwest Asia, Tokyo.

Marlow, P B. 1995."Financing Straits Management". Paper presented at the Workshop

on the Strait of Malacca, Kuala Lumpur.

Websites

Department of Transportation of Indonesia, Roadmap of Enhancing Safety of Transportation,http://www.dephub.go.id/admin/modules/Upload_File/images/roadmap_to_zero.pdf, accessed at 20 July 2009.

“Introduction to IMO”, http://www.imo.org/, accessed at 15 April 2009.

Mukundan, Pottengal, "IMB reports unprecedented rise in maritime hijackings", International Maritime Bureau, 2009, m,accessed at 20 July 2009.

Morgenthau, Hans J. 2005. Politics Among Nations: The struggle for Power and Peace, Seventh Edition, Revised by Kenneth W Thompson and W. David Clinton. New York: Mc Graw Hill Higher Education, available at http://www3.nd.edu/~cpence/eewt/Morgenthau2005.pdf, accessed at 18 July 2014.

Oegroseno, Arief Havas. 2008. “Threat to maritime Security and Responses thereto: A Focus on Armed Robbery against Ships at Sea in the Strait of Malacca and Singapore: The Indonesian Experience”. Ninth Meeting United Nations Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea, http://www.un.org/Depts/los/consultative_process/documents/9_oegroseno_presentation.pdf, accessed at 1 October 2009.

Press release of Indonesian Embassy in Ottawa available at , accessed at 29 September 2009.

Acts

Article 20 of Indonesia Act Number 6 of 1996 on Indonesian Waters.

the Law of the Sea Convention, article 3.

the Law of the Sea Convention, article 46(a).

the Law of the Sea Convention, article 47.

the Law of the Sea Convention, article 48.

the Law of the Sea Convention, article 49.

the Law of the Sea Convention, article 56.

the Law of the Sea Convention, article 77.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33172/jpbh.v4i2.331

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 36 times
PDF - 53 times

Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Pertahanan & Bela Negara

View My StatCounter