THE DEBATE OVER MORAL JUSTIFICATION OF STATE TERRORISM

Indriana Kartini

Abstract


This essay examines the debate over moral justifications of state terrorism. Consequentialist and deontologist perspectives provide a framework to justify acts of terrorism. However, this framework can not absolutely be defended. By drawing on Tony Coady and Igor Primoratz point of views, it is argued that acts of terrorism perpetrated by the state can never be justified and it is morally wrong and worse than non-state terrorism.

 

Keywords : state terrorism, moral justification, consequentialist, deontologist


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References


Books

Coady, C.A.J. (Tony). “Defining Terrorism,” in Igor Primoratz (ed.). 2004. Terrorism: The Philosophical Issues: New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

_____., 2004. “Terrorism, Morality, and Supreme Emergency,” in Igor Primoratz (ed.). Terrorism: The Philosophical Issues. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Frey, R.G. and Christopher W. Morris. 1991. Violence, Terrorism, and Justice. New York : Cambridge University Press.

Gilbert, Paul. 1994. Terrorism, Security and Nationality: An Introductory Study in Applied Political Philosophy. New York : Routledge.

Glover, Jonathan. 1991. “State Terrorism,” in R.G. Frey and Christopher W. Morris. Violence, Terrorism, and Justice. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Held, Virginia. 1991. “Terrorism, Rights, and Political Goals,” in R.G. Frey and Christopher W. Morris. Violence, Terrorism, and Justice. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Laqueur, Walter. 1987. The Age of Terrorism. Boston, Toronto : Little Brown and Company.

Martin, Gus. 2006. Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives and Issues, Second Edition. California : Sage Publications, Inc.

Primoratz, Igor. 2004. “State Terrorism and Counter-terrorism,” in Igor Primoratz (ed.). Terrorism The Philosophical Issue, New York: Palgrave, Macmillan.

Stohl, Michael. 1984. “International Dimensions of State Terrorism,” in Michael Stohl and George A. Lopez. The State as Terrorist : the Dynamics of Governmental Violence and Repression. Connecticut: Greenwood Press.

Selden, Mark and Alvin Y.So. 2004. War and State Terrorism : The United States, Japan, and the Asia-Pacific. Lanham, Oxford : Rowman and Littlefield Publisher, Inc.

Walzer, Michael. 2000. Just and Just Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations. Third edition. New York : Basic Books.

Journal

Primoratz, Igor. 1997. “the Morality of Terrorism”. Journal of Applied Philosophy. No. 14.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33172/jpbh.v4i1.324

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