Supartono Supartono(1*), Purwanto Purwanto(2), M. Harry Riana Nugraha(3),

(1) Indonesian Defense University
(2) Indonesian Defense University
(3) Indonesian Defense University
(*) Corresponding Author


The Port of Bitung area has a number of potentials that can impact the structure of national security and national defense, because it has a strategic concept for the Indo-Pacific Region. The Bitung Port area as an international hub port, stated in the Minister of Transportation Decree Number 54 of 2002 concerning the Implementation of Sea Ports. The method in this study used a qualitative descriptive approach and data analysis techniques used an interactive of model analysis. This study analyzes the Geostrategy concept for the Port of Bitung Region as part of a national security strategy to strengthen national defense based on the maritime security side and the economic implications of the Indo-Pacific Region. The results show that in general the analysis of the strategy of the Bitung port area in maritime security studies for national national security and national defense shows several things: 1) the strategic conditions of the Bitung Port area need to be supported by strategic and integrated policies between the Central government and the North Sulawesi Province Bitung City; 2) the development of special economic zones (KEK) requires accelerated implementation of policies in a sustainable manner with full support from the budget side, this is to strengthen the territorial basis in the geostrategic concept; and 3) there needs to be an approach towards the community in supporting the realization of the strategic area of Bitung City, North Sulawesi. The fulfillment of these requirements has made the Bitung Port area capable of supporting geostrategy through strategic maritime security studies and economic implications, because it is located in the Indo-Pacific Region as a center for political and economic defense so as to strengthen national security and national defense.

Keywords: geostrategy, port area, Bitung Harbor, Indo-Pacific region

Full Text:




Bakir, N.O. 2007. “A Brief Analysis Of Threats And Vulnerabilities in The Maritime Domainâ€. In Managing Critical Infrastructure risks, Spring Netherlands, pp 17-49.

Chaudary, M. A. & G. Chaudary. 2009. Global Encyclopaedia of Political Geography New Delhi: Global Vision Publishing House.

de Haas, Marcel. 2006. Geo-strategy in the South Caucasus: Power Play and Energy Security of States and Organisations. The Hague: Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael.

Grygiel, Jacob J. 2006. Great Powers and Geopolitical Change. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Hepple, L.W. 1986. The Revival of Geopolitics, Political Geography Quarterly 5 (4): S21-S36

Kristiansen, Svein. 2005. Maritime Transportation Safety Management and Risk Analysis. New York

Miles, M.B, Hubberman. 2014. Qualitative Data Analysis, A Method Sourcebook, Edisi Ke-3, Sage Publication: US. Terjelamahan UI Press, T. Rohindi Rohidi.

Sugiyono. 2013. Metodelogi Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif Dan R&D. (Bandung: ALFABETA).

White, Hugh. 2009. The Geo-strategic Implications of China‘s Growth. in R. Garnaut, L. Song, and W. T. Woo (eds). China’s New Place in a World in Crisis: Economic, Geopolitical and Environmental Dimensions. Canberra: ANU E Press.

Thesis and Dissertation

Ashrafpour, Ashraf. (2010). Geostrategic Importance of Persian Gulf. Disertasi. Department of Defence and Strategic Studies, University of Pune-India.

Ferdian, Fajar Pratama. (2017). Port Security Management:Pengembangan Strategi Keamanan Terhadap Fasilitas Pelabuhan Tanjung Priok. Tesis. Program Keamanan Maritim, Fakultas Manajemen Pertahanan, Universitas Pertahanan.

Minister Regulation

Kepmenhub Nomor: KP/414/2013 tentang Penetapan Rencana Induk Pelabuhan Nasional (RIPN) Pelabuhan Bitung.


Dinas Perdagangan Kota Bitung.

Kemlu RI, “Presiden Jokowi Deklarasikan Indonesia Senagai Poros Maritim Duniaâ€. Dalam http:/, diundung pada 19 September 2016.

KP3EI. (n.d.).Global Hub Bitung. diunduh Maret 20, 2014, dari KP3EI: ntent2/130/132

Pemprov Sulawesi Utara, dalam, “Gubernur Olly Tinjau Proyek Tol Manado-Bitungâ€. Diunduh pada tanggal 25 Juli 2018

PT Pelabuhan Indonesia IV Cabang Bitung. Tahun 2018

Rogers, J. dan L. Simón. (2010). Think Again: European Geostrategy, dalam


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pertahanan & Bela Negara

Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY-NC-SA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.