DRUG CRIME AS A THREAT TO INDONESIA'S NATIONAL SECURITY

Muhammad Rifqi, Ernalem Bangun

Abstract


Drug crime—i.e. narcotic drug abuse, smuggling, and trafficking—is still a serious problem for many countries. In Indonesia, it is perceived as a threat to national security and Indonesians' well-being. It is not surprising, then, if the government of Indonesia declared war on drugs to preserve Indonesia's national security. The systemic measures to address the drugs problem formulated as an integrated program consists of eradication and prevention of drug smuggling and trafficking, and rehabilitation for the victims of drug abuse. This study discusses the implementation of the program as a part of maintaining national security, as well as its constraints and obstacles. Riau Islands Province was chosen as a case study. The data collection was conducted by in-depth interviews, focused group discussion, and literature studies. In analyzing the data, it uses the theory of drug abuse prevention to organize and to interpret the findings. The result of the analysis shows that several obstacles still hinder the effectiveness of the government's efforts in combating drug crime. In the eradication of narcotic drug smuggling and illicit trafficking, the main obstacles manifest in geographical challenges, regulatory constraints, and technological shortcomings. In the prevention of drug crime, the real effectiveness of socialization as the main tool of prevention is hard to be measured and evaluated. In the rehabilitation of drug abuse victims, the main obstacles are the low awareness of the community, the limited availability of counselors and other infrastructures, and the unsupportive legal system.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abadinsky, H. (2008). Drug Use and Abuse: A Comprehensive Introduction (6th ed.). Thomson Wadsworth.

Anhari, A. (2012). Strategi Pencegahan Penyalahgunaan Narkoba di Kalangan Remaja (Studi tentang Partisipasi Badan Narkotika Kabupaten Sukoharjo). akultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Sebelas Maret.

BNN. (2016a). Drug Abuse Prevalence Survey in Household in 20 Provinces Budget Year 2015. BNN.

BNN. (2016b). Jurnal Data P4GN Tahun 2015 Edisi Tahun 2016. BNN.

BNN. (2016c). Kerja Nyata Perangi Narkotika. Press Release Akhir Tahun BNN. BNN.

BNN. (2020). Unit Kerja BNN. BNN.Go.Id.

Boer, J. d., & Bosetti, L. (2015). The Crime-Conflict “Nexus”: State of the Evidence (No. 5; 5).

Coca, N. (2016a). Indonesia’s Drug Obsession Is Only Making Things Worse. Global Comment.

Coca, N. (2016b). Indonesia’s Tragic War on Drug. Equal Times.

Cornell, S. E. (2005). The Interaction of Narcotics and Conflict. Journal of Peace Research, 42(6), 751–760. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022343305057895

Cornell, S. E. (2007). Narcotics and Armed Conflict: Interaction and Implications. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 30(3), 207–227. https://doi.org/10.1080/10576100601148449

Crabtree, B. (2016). The nexus of conflict and illicit drug trafficking: Syria and the wider region. In Global initiative Against Translnational Oragnised Crime.

Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., & Arthur, M. W. (2002). Promoting science-based prevention in communities. Addictive Behaviors, 27(6), 951–976. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-4603(02)00298-8

Hidayat, S., & Sidhha, A. (2018). Indonesia’s Maritime Defence Paradigm Sine Qua Non Global Maritime Fulcrum. Jurnal Pertahanan, 4(3), 136. https://doi.org/10.33172/jp.v4i3.406

Humas Sekretariat Kabinet RI. (2016). Kobarkan Perang Melawan Narkoba, Presiden Jokowi: Kalau UU Memperbolehkan, Dor Mereka. Setkab.Go.Id.

Juwana, M. (2008). Belajar Hidup Bertanggung Jawab Menangkal Narkoba dan Kekerasan. Balai Pustaka.

Kementerian Pertahanan Republik Indonesia. (2015). Buku Putih Pertahanan Indonesia. Kemhan RI.

Larosa, T. (2019). Redefining Indonesia’s National Security in Ensuring the Survival of the Nation. Jurnal Pertahanan, 5(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.33172/jp.v5i1.495

Latschan, T. (2015). UNODC: “Indonesia is a major drug trafficking hub.” Deutsche Welle.

MacDougall, J. M. (2015). The Cipinang Study: Drugs and Infection in An Overcrowded Indonesian Prison (No. 177).

Marshall, A. (2016). From civil war to proxy war: past history and current dilemmas. Small Wars & Insurgencies, 27(2), 183–195. https://doi.org/10.1080/09592318.2015.1129172

McRae, D. (2016). Poso: Sejarah Komprehensif Kekerasan Antar Agama Terpanjang di Indonesia Pasca Reformasi. Marjin Kiri.

Okezone. (2016). Pengguna Narkoba di Kepulauan Riau. Okezone.Com.

PKNI. (2016). Does the Death Penalty Reduced Drug Use and Drug-Related Crime?

PKNI & Rumah Cemara. (2016). Dampak Pengabaian Hak Rehabilitasi bagi Oengguna NAPZA dalam Proses Peradilan: Studi Kasus 5 Kota. PKNI & Rumah Cemara.

Pratama, A. (2016). Sinergitas BNN, TNI dan Polri dalam Mengatasi Permasalahan Narkoba. BNN.Go.Id.

Sumiati. (2009). Asuhan Keperawatan pada Klien Penyalahgunaan dan Ketergantungan NAPZA. Trans Info Media.

Sussman, S., & Ames, S. L. (2008). Drug abuse: Concepts, prevention, and cessation. In Drug Abuse: Concepts, Prevention, and Cessation. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511500039

Tempo. (2015). Ini Dia 5 Provinsi Paling Rawan Narkoba. Tempo.Co.

UNODC. (2003). PE2AC2E: A Formula for Effective Prevention of Substance Abuse. UNODC.

US Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. (2016). 2016 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33172/jp.v6i3.871

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.