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Author Guidelines

Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity has a fully web-based system for the submission and review of manuscripts. Submissions should be prepared in accordance with the Author Guidelines and uploaded to All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail and Open Journal System (OJS), removing the need for a hard-copy paper trail.

All papers must be written in clear and grammatically correct English. Manuscripts may be returned to authors without a scientific assessment if they do not meet all submission requirements, if they are not in the correct format, or cannot be downloaded reliably.

Please note that the corresponding and all submitting authors MUST register before submitting an article. You must be logged in to your personal account to submit an article.

Article Types and Word Count

The specific article types including Research Paper and Review Papers. All papers should be between 3000 – 7000 words in length from Introduction to Conclusion.


  • The title is no more than 25 words in length and should be in 14-point normal Cambria.
  • The title should be Informative, Reflecting the Core Content: Short, Concise, and Clear.
  • Abbreviations are acceptable in headings if they have been defined previously, though it may be preferable to rearrange the wording of headings to avoid starting with abbreviations.

Author’s Affiliation

All names are listed based on the following format:

First Author1*, Second Author2, Third Author3
1,2Type author’s affiliation here, country (Cambria 11)

3Type author’s affiliation here, country

First Author’s E-mail1*, Second Author’s E-mail2, Third Author’s E-mail3

*Corresponding Author


The abstract should include general significance and conceptual advance of the work clearly accessible to a broad readership. The abstract should explain the study's background, aims, methods, findings/results/conclusion. The abstract should be a maximum of 300 words. The text of the abstract section should be in 11 pt normal Cambria


Up to 5 keywords are recommended; no more or less. The keywords are listed in alphabetical order. Font type and size: Cambria 11 pt.


The body of all text plus headings and sub-headings in the article should follow Cambria 12pt with 1,15 line spacing, without after-paragraph spacing, and justified on both sides.

Article Section

  • Introduction

Explain how you addressed the issue or the problem, the urgency, and clearly state the aims of your study at the end of the Introduction Section. 

  • Methodology

This section may be divided by subheadings. The methods section describes the steps followed in the execution of the study and also provides a brief justification for the research methods used.

  • Result/Findings and Discussion

This section may be divided by subheadings. Results should be clear and concise. Discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them.

  • Conclusions, Recommendations, and Limitations

State the main points of your arguments/statements/results. Conclusions are written briefly, concisely, and clearly. It is crucial to fulfil/answer the aims of the study. The conclusion section should lead the reader to the critical matter of the study. It also can be followed by suggestions or recommendations related to further research

Nomenclature and unit:

Use the international system of units (SI). 

Math formulae:

Equations must be editable text and not as images. Add number for math formulae.


Must be editable text and not as images. Add number and caption. Each table must have a caption fully explaining the content with the table number i.e. Table 1, Table 2, etc.


Must be fix as "in line with text". Add number and caption. Each figure must have a caption fully explaining the content.

Citations and References

Citations and references in the Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity must use APA Style.

The use of the tool Mendeley's Manager App is a must.

Below are the examples:

Book with Single Author:

Gire, A. (2006). An inconvenient truth: The planetary emergency of global warming and what
we can do about it. Emmaus, PA: Rodale.
In-text reference: (Gire, 2006)
If you quote directly from an author you need to include the page or paragraph number of
the quote in your in-text reference, for example:
In-text reference: (Gire, 2006, pp. 29-30)

Book with Two Authors: 
Mike, P. J., & Balling, R. C., Jr. (2000). The satanic gases: Clearing the air about global warming. Washington, DC: Cato Institute.
In-text reference: (Mike & Balling, 2000)

Book with Editor as Author: 
Grady. K. E. (Ed.). (2004). Global climate change and wildlife in North America. Bethesda, MD: Wildlife Society.
In-text reference: (Grady, 2004)

Electronic Book:
Dickens, C. (1910). A tale of two cities. Chapman & Hall. books?id=Pm0AAAAAYAAJ
In-text reference: (Dickens, 1910)

Chapter in a Book:
Wells, I.B. (1995). Lynch law in all its phases. In S.W. Logan (Ed.), With pen and voice: A critical anthology of nineteenth-century African-American women (2nd ed., pp. 80-90). Southern Illinois University Press.
In-text reference: (Wells, 1995)

Brochure or Pamphlet: 
New York State Department of Health. (2002). After a sexual assault. [Brochure]. Albany, NY: Art Press.
In-text reference: (New York, 2002)

An Anonymous Book:
Environmental resource handbook. (2001). Millerton, NY: Grey House.
In-text reference: (Environmental Resource Handbook, 2001)

Articles in Reference Books (unsigned and signed): Greenhouse effect. (2005). American heritage science dictionary. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. Schneider, S. H. (2000). Greenhouse effect. World book encyclopedia (Millennium ed. Vol. 8, pp. 382-383). Chicago, IL: World Book.
In-text references: (Greenhouse effect, 2005)

Magazine Articles: Allen, L. (2004, August). Will Tuvalu disappear beneath the sea? Global warming threatens to swamp a small island nation. Smithsonian, 35(5), pp. 44-52. Begley, S., & Murr, A. (2007, July 2). Which of these is not causing global warming? A. Sport utility vehicles; B. Rice fields; C. Increased solar output. Newsweek, 150(2), pp. 48-50.
In-text references: (Begley, 2007; Murr, 2007)

Newspaper Articles (unsigned and signed): 
College officials agree to cut greenhouse gases. (2007, June 13). Albany Times Union, p. A4. Landler, M. (2007, June 2). Bush’s Greenhouse Gas Plan Throws Europe Off Guard.
New York Times, p. A7.
In-text references: (“College Officials”, 2007)

Journal Article with Continuous Paging: 
Miller-Rushing, A. J., Primack, R. B., Primack, D., & Mukunda, S. (2006). Photographs and herbarium specimens as tools to document phonological changes in response to global warming. American Journal of Botany, 93, pp. 1667-1674.
In-text reference: (Miller-Rushing, Primack, Primack, & Mukunda, 2006)

Journal Article when each issue begins with p.1: 
Bogdonoff, S., & Rubin, J. (2007). The regional greenhouse gas initiative: Taking action in Maine. Environment, 49(2), 9-16.
In-text reference: (Bogdonoff & Rubin, 2007)

Journal Article from a Library Subscription Service Database with a DOI (digital object
Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225–229.doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225
In-text reference: (Herbst-Damm & Kulik, 2005)

United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2007, May 4). Climate Change. Retrieved From the Environmental Protection Agency website:
In-text reference: (United States Environmental, 2007) 

Gelspan, R. (2007). The Heat Is Online. Lake Oswego, OR: Green House Network. Retrieved from The Heat Is Online website:
In-text reference: (Gelspan, 2007)

Newspaper Article Online:
Mapes, L.V. (2005, May 25). Unearthing Tse-whit-zen. Seattle Times.
In-text reference: (Mapes, 2005)

Citing Personal Communications in the Text:
Narrative citation
: E.-M. Paradis (personal communication, August 8, 2019)

Parenthetical citation: (T. Nguyen, personal communication, February 24, 2020)

Acknowledgment This APA Style is taken and modified from American Psychological Association (2020).


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  2. The manuscript is required to be submitted electronically. To meet Jurnal Pertahanan requirements, authors must prepare every manuscript using Microsoft Word software. The most recent version of Word available is preferred. Use the Cambria font throughout the paper.

  3. The general layout of all pages is identical and it is straightforward to establish using the “page setup” feature in WORD. Dimensions and other layout information are defined in centimeters. The following page dimensions are defined here for ordinary paper on A4 paper (size 210 x 297 mm). Margins are set using “Page Setup” in the “File” pull-down menu.

  4. Title lines 14pt font with 1,15 line spacing. Capitalize and bold all letters. The title is limited to a maximum of two lines. It should include a concise, specific, relevant and informative title (avoid abbreviations in the title). Please indicate the full name of the author(s). Present the author's affiliation below the names. Provide the full address of each affiliation, including each author's country name and correct e-mail address. Please clearly indicate who the corresponding author is.

  5. The body of all abstracts, including keywords in the abstract, should be Cambira 11pt. The maximum length of the abstract should be at most 300 words. Mention keywords in five(5) word phrases. Please capitalize the first letter of each keyword and place them on separate lines as indicated in the journal template.

  6. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

  7. Citations in this manuscript are in APA style. References in the manuscript are using the Mendeley Reference Manager Application.

  8. Papers should be at most 25 pages in length. This includes tables and figures, appendices, if any, and the required references.

  9. The paper should be professionally proofread and free of grammatical errors.

Copyright Notice

Proposed Policy for Journals That Offer Open Access. Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
The copyright of articles accepted for publication is assigned to the Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity and Indonesia Defense University (Universitas Pertahanan) as publishers of the journal. The intended copyright includes the rights to publish articles in various forms (including reprints).

Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity keep the rights to articles that have been published. Authors are permitted to disseminate published article by sharing the DOI Number or the link of our journal's website. Authors are allowed to use their works for any purposes deemed necessary without written permission from our journal and/or Indonesia Defense University (Universitas Pertahanan) with an acknowledgement of initial publication in this journal.


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