Triswan Larosa(1*),

(1) Sekolah Staf dan Komando Angkatan Udara/ Air Force Staff and Command School (Seskoau)
(*) Corresponding Author


Indonesia’s national security is still in debate since the separation of TNI-Polri’s functions and is more likely to be interpreted as national security and order (kamtibmas)’s effort. Meanwhile, in several states in the world, national security emphasis more on a holistic approach. This study provides a point of view to redefine Indonesia's national security to be more holistic and comprehensive, using the analytical framework of Security Vortex. So that, Indonesia's national security is a national policy that has the goal of ensuring the life and death of the Indonesia nation-state in the aspects of international security, state security and civil security, with three basic capabilities that must build, namely knowledge-based security, skill-based security, and rules-based security.

Full Text:



A.A.Prochozhev. (2005). Obschaya teoria natsional’noi bezopasnosti (Common national security theory). Moscow: RAGS.

Acharya, A. (2001). Constructing a Security Community in Southeast Asia. London: Routledge.

Art, R. J. (1993). ‘Security.’ In The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (Joel Krieg). New York: Oxford University Press.

Berkowitz, P. G. B. and M. (1966). “The Emerging Field of National security.†World Politics.

Brown, H. (1983). Thinking About National security. Defense and Foreign Policy in a Dangerous World. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Brown, L. (1977). Redefining National security. Washington D.C.: Worldwatch Paper.

Buzan, B, D. (1993). The Logic of Anarchy: Neorealism to Structural Realism. New York: Columbia Univesity Press.

Buzan, B. (1984). Peace, Power, and Security: Contending Concepts in the Study of International Relations. Journal of Peace Research.

Buzan, B. (2008). People, States, and Fear: An Agenda for International security Studies in the Post-Cold War Era. Oxford: ECPR Press.

Buzan, B., Waever, O., Wilde, J. De, Wæver, O., & Wilde, J. De. (1998). Security: A new framework for analysis. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series.

Crisis States Workshop. (2006). London.

Cronin, Patrick and Ghani, T. (2007). The Changing Complexion of Security and Strategic Assistance in the Twenty-First Century in CSIS. In B. I. P. Lael Brainard (Ed.), Security by Other Means. Foreign Assistance, Global Poverty, and American Leadership. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.

Department for Disarmament Affairs. (1986). Concept of Security. New York: UN.

DICoD. (2017). Defence and National security Strategic Review (Bureau des). France.

Djalal, D. P. (1996). The Geopolitics of Indonesia’s Maritime Territorial Policy. Jakarta: CSIS.

Evans, Graham and Newnham, J. (1998). Dictionary of International Relations. London: Penguin Books.

Executive Office of the President of the United States. (2010). National security Strategy. United States.

Hoogensen, G., & Stuvøy, K. (2006). Gender, resistance and human security. Security Dialogue.

Hurley, P. J. (2006). Language: Meaning and Definition. A Concise Introduction to Logic (9th ed.). California: Wadsworth.

Inbar, E. (2007). Israel’s national security: Issues and challenges since the Yom Kippur War. Israel’s National security: Issues and Challenges Since the Yom Kippur War.

Keohane, R. O. (1986). Realism, Neorealism and the Study of World Politics. In Neorealism and its Critics.

Knopf, J. W. (2009). “Three Items in One: Deterrence as Concept, Research Program, and Political Issue.†In Complex Deterrence. Strategy in the Global Age. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

Knorr, K. (1973). “National security Studies: Scope and Structure of the Fieldâ€, in Frank N. Trager and Philips. Kronenberg. In National security and American Society: Theory, Process and Policy. Lawrence.

Lam, W. W. L. (2015). Chinese politics in the era of Xi Jinping: Renaissance, reform, or retrogression? Chinese Politics in the Era of Xi Jinping: Renaissance, Reform, or Retrogression?

Larosa, T. (2016). Pusaran Keamanan Regional di Kawasan Laut Cina Selatan. Universitas Padjajaran.

Mansbach R., & R. K. (2007). Introduction to Global Politics. Abingdon: Routledge.

Maoz, Z., Landau, E. B., & Malz, T. (2003). Building regional security in the Middle East: International,regional and domestic influences. Building Regional Security in the Middle East: International,Regional and Domestic Influences.

Matthews, J. T. (1989). “Redefining Security.†In Foreign Affairs (p. 68).

Mearsheimer, J. J. (n.d.). Tragedy of great power politics. New York and London: W W Norton & Company.

Ministry of Culture and Education. (2019). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia.

Morgan, P. (1997). ‘Regional Security Complexes.’ In Regional Orders: Building Security in a New World (David A.La). Penn State UP.

Neilson, William A., Knott, Thomas A., Carhart, P. W. (1952). Webster’s New International Dictionary of the English Language (2nd ed.). United States: Unabridged, G.&C. Merriam Company Publishers.

Paleri, P. (2008). National security: Imperatives and Challenges. New Delhi.

Paul, T. V. (2009). “Complex Deterrence. An Introduction.†In Complex Deterrence. Strategy in the Global Age (Paul, Morg). Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

Renshon, S. A. (2009). National security in the Obama administration: Reassessing the bush doctrine. National security in the Obama Administration: Reassessing the Bush Doctrine.

Romm, J. J. (1993). Defining National security. New York.

Schlesinger, J. R. (1960). The Political Economy of National security. New York.

Smith, M. (2013). The Korean Conflict and the United States National security. Pepperdine Policy Review, 6(10).

Smoke, R. (1975). “National security Affairs.†In Handbook of Political Science, Vol. 8: International Politics (Fred I. Gr). Reading, MA.

Sulistyo, H. Keamanan Negara, Keamanan Nasional dan Civil Society. Indonesia.

Sun, Y. (2013). “Chinese national security decision-making: Processes and challenges.†In Brookings Institution Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies.

Swaine, M. D. (2015). Chinese Views and Commentary on the “One Belt, One Road†Initiative. China Leadership Monitor.

Tal, I. (2000). National security : the Israeli Experience. Westport: Praeger Publishers.

The President of the United States. (2015). National security Strategy. United States.

Tickner, J. A. (1995). “Re-visioning Securityâ€, in Ken Booth and Steve Smith. In International Relations Theory Today. Oxford.

Treverton, G. A. and G. F. (1992). Rethinking America’s Security: Beyond Cold War to New World Order. New York.

Turner, G. B. (1960). The Influence of Modern Weapon on Strategy. In F. A. Gordon B. Turner and Richard D. Challener (Ed.), National security in the Nuclear Age: Basic Facts and Theories. New York: Praeger Publishers.

UNESCO. (n.d.). “Learning to Live Together.â€

Walt, S. (1997). ‘The Renaissance of Security Studies.’ In International Studies Quarterly.

Watson, C. A. (2008). U.S. National security: a Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues). California: ABC Clio.

Wolfers, A. (1952). "National security as an Ambiguous Symbolâ€. In Political Science Quarterly (p. 67).

Wolfers, A. (1962). Discord and Collaboration: Essays in International Politics. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Xi Jinping. (2014). The Governance of China. Foreign Languages Press Co. Ltd.

Yuval-davis, N. (2003). Nationalist projects and gender relations 1. Narodna Umjetnost.


Journal Terindex di Garuda

Office Address:
Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Republic of Indonesia Defense University
Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, Paseban,Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10440, Indonesia

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.