Author Guidelines

We encourage you to submit high-quality and original works that have not been published elsewhere, nor are currently under consideration in any other referred journal. You may submit papers that have been presented in conferences only if the papers have been thoroughly revised or extended. A major aim of this journal is to minimize the time for paper processing; therefore, electronic submission of papers using the online editorial system is strongly recommended. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail and Open Journal System (OJS), removing the need for a hard-copy paper trail.

It is a condition of publication that all papers must be written in clear and grammatically correct English. Submit an electronic copy of your paper, along with the originals of illustrations, drawings, and tables using the online editorial system.

Prior to submit the paper, please download the journal template and follow the instructions given in Paper Preparation Instruction.

Journal Template

Download here

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published.

  2. The manuscript is required to be submitted electronically. To satisfy Jurnal Pertahanan requirements, every manuscript must be prepared using Microsoft word software. The most recent version of word available to you is preferred. Times New Roman font is to be used throughout the paper.

  3. The general layout of all pages is identical and it is straightforward to establish using the “page setup” feature in WORD. Dimensions and other layout information are defined in centimeters. The following page dimensions are defined here for ordinary paper on A4 paper (size 210 x 297 mm). Margins are set using “Page Setup” in the “File” pull-down menu.

  4. Title lines – 14-pt font (single spacing). Capitalize and bold all letters. The title is limited to a maximum of two lines. It should include concise, specific, relevant and informative title (avoid abbreviations in the title). Please indicate the full name of author(s) clearly. Present the authors affiliation below the names. Provide the full address of each affiliation, including the country name and correct e-mail address of each author. Please clearly indicate who is the corresponding author.

  5. The body of all abstract including keywords in the abstract should be Times New Roman 11pt. Maximum length of the abstract should not exceed 300 words. Keywords should be mentioned 3-5 phrases or words. The first letter of each keyword should be capitalized and separate line as mentioned in the journal template.

  6. Body of all text after abstract including headings and sub-headings in the article should follow Times New Roman 12pt with 1 (single) spacing and justified on both sides. The heading and sub-headings should be bold, for heading all letters are capitalized, while for sub-heading capitalize only the first letter of each word (excluding articles, prepositions and conjunctions). 

  7. All tables and figures should be mentioned within body of the article and numbered. The figures should be black and white and in .png and .jpg format. There should be one line spacing before and after figure/table in the body of text.

  8. Citations in this manuscript using APA style. References in manuscript are using Mendeley Reference Manager Application.

  9. Papers should not exceed 28 pages in length. This includes tables and figures, appendices if any, as well as the required references.

  10. The paper should be professionally proofread and free of grammatical errors.