The Future Defense System for the Indonesian Nation State

Triswan Larosa(1*),

(1) Sekolah Staf dan Komando Angkatan Udara
(*) Corresponding Author


The curent global situation has encouraged inter-state rivalry to become increasingly violent, so that the survival of every nation-state is becoming increasingly vulnerable. Therefore, every nation state has a responsibility to develop its own defense system to deal with the physical and psychological threats. This paper discusses the challenges and concepts of future defense system for the Indonesia, with the framework of analysis is the security vortex. The concept of the future defense system for the nation state of Indonesia is concentric defense, which consists of internal and external defense belt, by building three basic capabilities of the TNI to ensure national security, and to build global strategic partnership, which put Indonesia as an initial buffer of regional stability.

Full Text:



Adolf, H. (2011). Aspek-Aspek Negara Dalam Hukum Internasional. Keni Media.

Bowdish, R. G. (2013). Military strategy: theory and concepts (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Nebraska-Lincoln).

Brown, H. (1983). Thinking about national security: defense and foreign policy in a dangerous world. Westview Press.

Buzan, B. (1983). People, Fear and State: The National Security Problem in International Relations. Great Britain: Wheatsheaf Books Ltd.

Buzan, B. (1991). New patterns of global security in the twenty-first century. International affairs, 67(3), 431-451.

Chapman, B. (2016). Geopolitics of the 2015 British defense white paper and its historical predecessors. Geopolitics, History and International Relations, 8(2), 42.

China News Service.

CSRC. (2006). “Crisis, Fragile and Failed States.†Crisis States Workshop, London, March 2006.

Department of Defense. (2008). National Defense Strategy. United States

Department of Defense. (2016) Defense White Paper. Australia

Economic, C. A., & Cooperation, T. (2013). Information Office of the State Council, The People’s Republic of China.

Lam, W. W. L. (2015). Chinese politics in the era of Xi Jinping: renaissance, reform, or retrogression?. Routledge.

Liberation Army Daily,

Ministry of Defence. (2015). Buku Putih Pertahanan Indonesia. [Indonesia's Defense White Paper]. Jakarta: Indonesia's Ministry of Defense.

Ministry of Defence. 2007. Strategic Defense Review 2017 – 2020. Georgia

ÅŒmae, K. (1995). The end of the nation state: The rise of regional economies. Simon and Schuster.

People’s Daily,

Triswan Larosa. (2016). Pusaran Keamanan Regional di Kawasan Laut Cina Selatan [The Core of Regional Security in South China Sea Region]. Bandung: Universitas Padjadjaran.

Xi, Jinping. (2014). The governance of China. Foreign Languages Press.

Xinhua News Agency.


Journal Terindex di Garuda

Office Address:
Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Republic of Indonesia Defense University
Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, Paseban,Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10440, Indonesia

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.