Guntur Eko Saputro(1*), Herlina Tarigan(2), Deni Dadang Ahmad Rajab(3),

(1) universitas pertahanan
(*) Corresponding Author


The fundamental problems in economic development in Indonesia are the low level of welfare, unsustainable economic growth, and the inadequate development process of economic sectors. Defense economics is a branch of science that applies economics to national defense issues. Defense economics as a multidisciplinary study discusses resource allocation, income distribution, economic growth, and political stability as applied to topics related to defense. According to the defense economy, the impact of the use of the defense budget on the economy can be viewed from the demand or consumption and supply or production approaches. From the consumption side, the defense can protect national resources against various threats, so that national consumption becomes stable and even increases. This research uses role theory according to Biddle and Thomas, among others, Expectation, Norm, Performance, and Evaluation. The research objective is to provide government input on the importance of the economic role of defense in economic growth in Indonesia. Research using qualitative methods is aimed at understanding social phenomena from the perspective of the participants. The result that has been achieved is that the defense economy plays a role in improving security stability, so it is recommended that the government pay attention to defense-security spending budgeting, in particular the adequacy of its allocation, priority level, and linkages between other components

Full Text:



Behrman, J., & Srinivasan, T. N. (1995). Dedication to Hollis Chenery. Handbook of Development Economics, 3(Part B), vii.

Brasoveanu, L. O. (2010). The Impact of Defense Expenditure on Economic Growth. Journal for Economic Forecasting, 0(4), 148–167. Retrieved from

Cheng, B. S., & Lai, T. W. (1997). Government Expenditures and Economic Growth in South Korea: A VAR Approach. Journal Of Economic Development, 22(1), 11–24. Retrieved from

Ditimi, A., & Matthew I, O. (2015). FDI, private investment and public investment in Nigeria: An unravelled dynamic relation. Journal of Economic & Financial Studies, 3(05), 10.

Emmerson, D. K. (2012). Minding the Gap Between Democracy and Governance. Journal of Democracy, 23(2), 62–73.

Frieyadie, F. (2016). Penerapan Metode Simple Additive Weight (Saw) Dalam Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Promosi Kenaikan Jabatan. Jurnal Pilar Nusa Mandiri, 12(1), 37–45.

Gurley, J. G. (1981). Structural Change and Development Policy. By Hollis Chenery. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979. xviii, 526 pp. Figures, Tables, References, Index. $14.50 (cloth); $5.95 (paper). John G. Gurley. The Journal of Asian Studies, 40(2), 329–331.

Herdt, R. W. (2003). Yujiro Hayami. Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations . 2d ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. Pp. 389. $60.00 (cloth). Economic Development and Cultural Change, 51(4), 1028–1030.

Johnson Kennedy, P. S. (2018). Program Pertahanan dalam Mendorong Perekonomian Nasional Studi Kasus Pembangunan Jalan Trans Papua. Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Publik Dan Kebijakan Sosial, 2(1).

Karim, A. A. (2011). Bank Islam: analisis fiqih dan keuangan.

Kennedy, L. W., Caplan, J. M., Piza, E. L., & Buccine-Schraeder, H. (2016). Vulnerability and Exposure to Crime: Applying Risk Terrain Modeling to the Study of Assault in Chicago. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 9(4), 529–548.

Kneller, R., Bleaney, M. F., & Gemmell, N. (1999). Fiscal policy and growth: evidence from OECD countries. Journal of Public Economics, 74, 171–190. Retrieved from

Landau, D. (1983). Government Expenditure and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Study. Southern Economic Journal, 49(3), 783–792.

Miller, S. M., & Russek, F. S. (1997). Fiscal Structures and Economic Growth: International Evidence. Economic Inquiry, 35(3), 603–613.

Robbins, S. P. (2001). Organisational behaviour: global and Southern African perspectives: Pearson South Africa.

Samuelson, P. A. (1948). Fundamentals of Economic Analysis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Saputro, G. E., Mahroza, J., & Tarigan, H. (2020). The Impact Of The Military Expenditure And Security Expenditure Structure On The Security Stability. Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi Ttg Kajian & Strategi Pertahanan Yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism & Integrity, 6(3), 328–341.

Saputro, G. E., & Meirinaldi. (2019). Analisis Pengaruh Stabilitas Keamanan dan Pertumbuhan Industri Strategis Terhadap Makroekonomi. Jurnal Ekonomi, 21(3), 237–253.

Saputro, G. E., & Prakoso, L. (2021). Implementation of Economic Policies Facing Covid 19 in Supporting Nonmilitary Defense. International Journal of Social Science And Human Research, 4(4), 634–642.

Sarwono, S. W. (1999). Psikologi sosial: Individu dan teori-teori psikologi sosial.

Sarwono, S. W. (2016). Psikologi Sosial dan Teori-Teori Psikologi Sosial. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 215, 21–42.

Sarwono, S. W., Meinarno, E. A., & Hanum, L. (2015). Psikologi lintas budaya (1st ed.). Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Singh, B., & Sahni, B. S. (1984). Causality Between Public Expenditure and National Income. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 66(4), 630–644.

Solow, R. M. (1957). Technical Change and the Aggregate Production Function. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 39(3), 312–320.

Susdarwono, E. T. (2020). Pemrograman Linier Permasalahan Ekonomi Pertahanan: Metode Grafik Dan Metode Simpleks. Teorema: Teori Dan Riset Matematika, 5(1), 89.

West, M. A., & Farr, J. L. (1990). Innovation at work. In Innovation and Creativity at Work: Psychological and Organizational Strategies (pp. 3–13). Chichester: Wiley.

Yusgiantoro, P. (2014). Ekonomi pertahanan. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.


Journal Terindex di Garuda

Office Address:
Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Republic of Indonesia Defense University
Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, Paseban,Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10440, Indonesia

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.