Policy Analysis: Solar Substitution with Biodiesel

Eddy Herjanto(1*), IDK Kerta Widana(2),

(1) Indonesian Defence University
(2) Indonesian Defence University
(*) Corresponding Author


Industrial development and use of biodiesel in Indonesia is currently hampered by the cost of biodiesel for export opportunities. Manufacturers prefer to export biodiesel at a better price than selling in the country. The approach used in this research is qualitative. This study has produced a system dynamics models the behavior of the biodiesel industry in Indonesia. With this model, a formulated policies and strategies can be tested through simulation run that will show or predict system behavior biodiesel industry into the future. By formulating policies and strategies in various scenarios, each of which will give the results of system behavior biodiesel industry in the future, can be selected as optimal policy formulation strategy, in the sense of providing the most appropriate behavior with the desired behavior of the biodiesel industry.

Full Text:



Ani FN, Lal M, Williams A. 1990. The combustion characteristics of palm oil and palm oil ester. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Small Engines and their Fuels for Use in Rural Areas, p. 58–66

Ayhan Demirbas. 2005. Biodiesel production from vegetable oils via catalytic and non-catalytic supercritical methanol transesterification methods. Progress in Energy and Combustion, Science 31, p: 466–487

B. Batidzirai, A.P.R. Mignot, W.B. Schakel, H.M. Junginger, A.P.C. Faaij. 2013. Biomass torrefaction technology: Techno-economic status and future prospects. Energy, Vol. 62, p: 196-214

Bambang. 2006. Biodiesel Sumber Energi Alternatif Pengganti Solar Yang Terbuat Dari Ekstraksi Minyak Jarak Pagar. Surabaya: Trubus Agrisarana.

Benjumea Pedro, John Agudelo, Andre´s Agudelo. 2008. Basic properties of palm oil biodiesel–diesel blends. Fuel, Vol. 87, p: 2069–2075

Bwo-Nung Huang, M.J. Hwang, C.W. Yang. 2008. Analysis Causal Relationship between Energy Consumption and GDP Growth Revisited: A Dynamic Panel Data Approach. Ecological Economics, Volume 67, Issue 1, Pages 41–54

C.D. Rakopoulos, D.C. Rakopoulos, D.T. Hountalas, E.G. Giakoumis, E.C. Andritsakis. 2008. Performance and emissions of bus engine using blends of diesel fuel with bio-diesel of sunflower or cottonseed oils derived from Greek feedstock. Fuel, Vol. 87, p: 147–157

Crookes RJ, Bob-Manuel KDH. 2006. RME or DME: a preferred alternative fuel option for future diesel engine operation. Frangopoulos C, Rakopoulos C, Tsatsaronis G, editors. Proc. Of the 19th int. conference ‘ECOS 2006’, Crete, Greece, vol. 2, p. 1105–12

Endre Bjørndal, Mette Bjørndal, Panos M. Pardalos, Mikael R¨onnqvist. 2010. Energy, Natural Resources, and Environmental Economics. Springer Heidelberg Dordrecht London New York

G.M. Shafiullah, M.T.O. Amanullah, A.B.M. Shawkat Ali, Dennis Jarvis, Peter Wolfs. 2012. Prospects of renewable energy – a feasibility study in the Australian context. Renewable Energy, Volume 39, Issue 1, Pages 183–197

Giulio Santori, Giovanni Di Nicola, Matteo Moglie, Fabio Polonara. 2012. A review analyzing the industrial biodiesel production practice starting from 4 vegetable oil refining. Applied energy, Vol. 92, p: 109-132

Harry Bloch, Shuddhasattwa Rafiq, Ruhul Salim. 2012. Coal consumption, CO2 emission and economic growth in China: Empirical evidence and policy responses. Energy Economics, Vol. 32, p: 518–528

J. Kongkasawan, and Sergio C. Capareda. 2012. Jatropha Oil Refining Process and Biodiesel Conversion: Mass and Energy Balance Jinjuta. International Energy Journal, Vol. 13, p: 169-176.

Janaun J, Ellis N, 2010. Perspectives on biodiesel as a sustainable fuel. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 14, p: 1312–20

Jeng Shiun Lim, Zainuddin Abdul Manan, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Haslenda Hashim.. 2012. A review on utilisation of biomass from rice industry as a source of renewable energi. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16, p: 3084–3094

Juan A. Melero, L. Fernando Bautista, Gabriel Morales, Jose Iglesias and Rebeca Sánchez-Vázquez. 2010. Biodiesel production from crude palm oil using sulfonic acid-modified mesostructured catalysts. Chemical Engineering Journal. Vol. 161, p: 323-331

K. Ramachandran, T. Suganya, N. Nagendra Gandhi, S. Renganathan. 2013. Recent developments for biodiesel production by ultrasonic assist transesterification using different heterogeneous catalyst: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. Vol. 22, p: 410–418

Kadam KL. 2002. Environmental implications of power generation via coal-microalgae cofiring. Energy, Vol. 27, p: 905-922

Kalam MA, Masjuki H. 2002. Biodiesel from palm oil – an analysis of its properties and potential. Biomass Bioenergy, Vol. 23, p: 471–479

Kuncahyo, Priyohadi, Aguk Zuhdi M. Fathallah, Semin. 2013. Analisa Prediksi Potensi Bahan Baku Biodiesel Sebagai Suplemen Bahan Bakar Motor Diesel di Indonesia. Jurnal Teknik Pomits Vol. 2, No. 1, p: 62-66

L.C. Meher, D. Vidya Sagar, S.N. Naik. 2006. Technical aspects of biodiesel production by transesterification—a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 10, p: 248–268

Leung DYC, Wu X, Leung MKH. 2010. A review on biodiesel production using catalyzed transesterification. Applied Energy, Vol. 87, p: 1083–95

Luis Caspeta, Nicolaas A. A. Buijs and Jens Nielsen. 2013. The role of biofuels in the future energy supply. Energy Environ. Sci., Vol 6, p: 1077-1082

Masoud Sharafi, Tarek Y. ELMekkawy. 2014. Multi-objective optimal design of hybrid renewable energy systems using PSO-simulation based approach. Renewable Energy, Vol. 68, p: 67-79

Muhammad Shahbaz, Saleheen Khan, Mohammad Iqbal Tahir. 2013. The dynamic links between energy consumption, economic growth, financial development and trade in China: Fresh evidence from multivariate framework analysis. Energy Economics, Vol. 40, p: 8–21

Murugesan, C. Umarani, T.R. Chinnusamy, M. Krishnan, R. Subramanian, N. Neduzchezhain. 2009. Production and analysis of bio-diesel from non-edible oils—A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 13, Issue 4, p: 825–834

Pandey Rajesh Kumar., A. Rehman, R.M. Sarviya. 2012. Impact of alternative fuel properties on fuel spray behavior and atomization. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16, p: 1762–1778

S. Bari, T.H. Lim, C.W. Yu. 2002. Effects of preheating of crude palm oil (CPO) on injection system, performance and emission of a diesel engine. Renewable Energy, Vol. 27, p: 339–351

Sadorsky, Perry. 2013. Do urbanization and industrialization affect energy intensity in developing countries? Energy Economics, Vol. 37, p: 52–59

Salman Ahmad, Razman Mat Tahar. 2014. Selection of renewable energy sources for sustainable development of electricity generation system using analytic hierarchy process: A case of Malaysia. Renewable Energy, Vol. 63, p: 458-466

Shahriar Shafiee, Erkan Topal. 2010. When will fossil fuel reserves be diminished?. Energy Policy, Volume 37, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages 181–189

Shay EG. 1993. Diesel fuel from vegetable oil: status and opportunities. Biomass Bioenergy, Vol. 4 No 4, p: 227–42.

Stefan Weitemeyer, David Kleinhans, Thomas Vogt, Carsten Agert. 2015. Integration of Renewable Energy Sources in future power systems: The role of storage. Renewable Energy, Vol. 75, p: 14-20

Stuart A Scott, Matthew P Davey, John S Dennis, Irmtraud Horst, Christopher J Howe, David J Lea-Smith and Alison G Smith. 2010. Biodiesel from algae: challenges and prospects. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, Vol. 21, p: 277–286

Suroso. 2005. Kilang Pengolahan BBM Dioptimalkan, Harian Pagi Jawa Pos 11 Maret 2005

Tshukara K, Swayama S. 2005. Liquid fuel production using microalgae. J Jpn Petrol Inst, Vol. 35, p: 251-259

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33172/jp.v2i2.92

Journal Terindex di Garuda

Office Address:
Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Republic of Indonesia Defense University
Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, Paseban,Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10440, Indonesia
Email: jurnal.unhan@idu.ac.id

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.