Sovian Aritonang(1*), Hendro Yulieanto(2), Deni Dadang Ahmad Rajab(3),

(1) Indonesian Defence University
(2) Indonesian Defence University
(3) Departement of Motion Power Technology
(*) Corresponding Author


The magnitude of aircraft accidents due to the spatial disorientation (SD) experienced by the aircrew has encouraged efforts to provide optimum training to prevent and minimize those unexpected accidents. In their publication, USAF has stated that SD had caused 15-69% of their aircraft fatal accidents. This study aims to determine the extent of which the SD training program in Aerophysiological Indoctrination and exercise (ILA) of the Indonesian Air Force has been carried out effectively, making it useful for the crew to prevent accidents.  The main focus of the study is to analyze the willingness of aircraft crew; leadership support policy, simulator tool condition, and qualification of instructors.  This research designed to use a qualitative descriptive approach.  Data collections obtained through depth interviews involving Indonesian Air Force aircrews, aviation health experts, instructors officer of Health Service of Indonesian Air Force, and also through the search of publication and related documents.  The results show that there are still many aspects required more attention from the Indonesian Air Force authorities; insufficient simulator facilities that are too old and out of Job, inadequate software as the basis of the implementation of the training program, the limited .qualifications of training instructors, and lack of support from higher commands.

Full Text:



Benson, A. J. (1988). Spatial disorientation general aspects. In Aviation Medicine.

Department of Acceleration Physiollogy. (2006). Spatial Disorientation Training. Indian Journal of Aerospace Medicine, 50(1).

Lyons, T. J., Ercoline, W., O’Toole, K., & Grayson, K. (2006). Aircraft and related factors in crashes involving spatial disorientation: 15 Years of U.S. Air Force data. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine.

Mabes TNI AU. (2013). Buku Petunjuk Pendidikan Teknis TNI AU Tentang Indoktrinasi dan Latihan Aerofisiologi Awak Pesawat.

National Transportation Safety Committee. (2008). Aircraft Accident Investigation Report: Boeing 737-4QW PK KKW Adam SkyConnection Airline. Ministry of Transportation.

National Transportation Safety Committee. (2014). Aircraft Accident Investigation Report: Boeing 737-800 PK LKS PT. Lion Mentari Airlines. Ministry of Transportation.

Newman, D. . (2007). An Overview of Spatial Disorientation as a Factor in Aviation Accident and Incidents. Australian Transport Safety Bureau.

Reason, J. (1990). Human Error. Cambridge University Press.

Sugiono. (2015). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan: Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R & D. CV. Alfabeta.

Sutopo, H. B. (2006). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Dasar Teori dan Terapannya dalam Penelitian. Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Woodrow, A. D., & Webb, J. T. (2001). Handbook of Aerospace and Operational Physiology. USAFSAM.


Journal Terindex di Garuda

Office Address:
Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Republic of Indonesia Defense University
Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, Paseban,Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10440, Indonesia

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.