Hozairi Hozairi(1*), Buhari Buhari(2), Heru Lumaksono(3), Marcus Tukan(4),

(1) Islamic University of Madura
(2) Department of Informatics Engineering, Islamic University of Madura
(3) Department of Ship Building Engineering, Shipbuilding Institute of Polytechnic Surabaya
(4) Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Pattimura
(*) Corresponding Author


Indonesia has several institutions to maintain maritime defense and security, but maritime security is not only determined by the number of authorized agencies but by many factors. This study aims to assess the factors and sub-factors that affect Indonesian maritime security. To achieve the research objectives, the method used is the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) with six factors and twenty-nine sub-factors. The process of collecting data through questionnaires and interviews with several experts, the results of the questionnaire were taken with a Geometric Average, after which it was calculated according to the stages of the AHP method. The findings of this study produce priority factors that affect maritime security, first are defense and security factors (0.37), second is political and legal factors (0.24), third is economic factors (0.16), fourth are technological factors (0.11), fifth are social and cultural factors (0.07) and sixth are environmental factors (0.04). The contribution of this research is a consideration for the Government to determine policies towards improving maritime security in Indonesia.

Keywords: Analytical Hierarchy Process, Determining, Maritime Security

Full Text:



Anwar, S. (2015). Developing Formidable Indonesian Maritime Security in the Analysis of Interest , Threat , and Sea Power. Jurnal Pertahanan, 6, 69–90.

Arziyah, D. (2017). Analysis Of Sustainable Cocoa Agroindustry Success Factors In West Sumatera Using Fuzzy-AHP Approach. Teknologi Pertanian Andalas, 21(2), 104–109.

Atalik, O., & Ozdemir, E. (2015). A Hybrid Method Using Factor Analysis and AHP on Passenger Purchase Decisions: The Case of Domestic Airlines in Turkey. International Business Research, 8(1), 14–23.

Bignon, C., & Badri, A. (2019). A Comparative Analysis of the Two Main Documents Used in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in France and Québec as a Framework for Improving Occupational Health and Safety. Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology, 09(01), 22–36.

Bueger, C. (2015). What is maritime security ? Marine Policy, 53(1), 159–164.

Ekawati, N. P., & Muttaqien, A. Y. (2013). The Most Influential Analysis of Factors on the Performance and Priority of Rehabilitation of the Sub-District Drainage Sub-System. 1(4), 377–384.

Erdil, A., & Erbıyık, H. (2015). Selection Strategy via Analytic Hierarchy Process: An Application for a Small Enterprise in Milk Sector. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 195, 2618–2628.

Franek, J., & Kresta, A. (2014). Judgment Scales and Consistency Measure in AHP. Procedia Economics and Finance, 12(March), 164–173.

Gerdsri, N., & Kocaoglu, D. F. (2007). Applying the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to build a strategic framework for technology roadmapping. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 46(7–8), 1071–1080.

Hozairi, Buhari, Lumaksono, H., Tukan, M., & Alim, S. (2018). Selection of the Indonesian Ocean Security Model with Fuzzy-AHP and Fuzzy-TOPSIS. Jurnal Ilmiah NERO, 4(1), 57–66.

I Nengah Putra A, A. H. (2016). Analyze opportunities and threats of Indonesian maritime security as a result of the development of a strategic environment.

Kadar, A. (2015). Pengelolaan Kemaritiman Menuju Indonesia sebagai Poros Maritim Dunia. Jurnal Keamanan Nasional, VI(21), 427–442.

Laksmana, E. A., Gindarsih, I., & Mantong, A. W. (2018). Menerjemahkan Visi Poros Maritim Global ke dalam Kerangka Diplomasi Pertahanan Maritim dalam Kebijakan Luar Negeri Indonesia di Era Jokowi.

Pardosi, A. S. (2016). Potensi dan Prospek Indonesia Menuju Poros Maritim. EJournal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, 4(1), 17–26.

Rahman, C. (2009). Concepts of Maritime Security.

Saaty, T. L. (2008). Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process. International Journal of Services Sciences, 1(1), 83.

Setiawan, A. (2017). Maritime Security in the South China Sea: An Overview of Barry Buzan Analysis. Jurnal Keamanan Nasional, 3(1), 33–62.

Warjiyono. (2015). Analysis of Selection Factors of Higher Education in Tegal Based on Education Level Using Analytical Hierarchy Process Method. Evolusi, 3(2), 33–38.

Zhou, X., Deng, X., Deng, Y., & Mahadevan, S. (2017). Dependence assessment in human reliability analysis based on D numbers and AHP. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 313, 243–252.


Journal Terindex di Garuda

Office Address:
Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Republic of Indonesia Defense University
Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, Paseban,Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10440, Indonesia

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.