Strengthening Indonesia’s Role In Indian Ocean Through IORA

Ari Setiyanto


Indonesian government concerned to determine the future of the Pacific and Indian Ocean Region through new vision as the world maritime fulcrum. Significant growth in Indian Ocean region urges a cooperation approach between littoral countries located around the Indian Ocean and lead the establishment of Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA). The cooperation will lead to the accomplishment of the Indonesia’s national interests. On the other side, the potential trade volume in the Indian Ocean region cannot be reached because of limited maritime infrastructure that facilitates the current trade. IORA should develop a master plan or blueprint on connectivity that will provide the infrastructure development agenda with the Public-Private Partnership to accelerate the infrastructure development. By this situation, the development of maritime infrastructure can be a double advantage for Indonesia because it will connect APEC and IORA. The important things to consider in terms of security is a potential threat both to security and defense if the government decided to open and build a deep seaport in Western Sumatera and Java Island.It is important to evaluate the potential threats and challenges if Indonesia wants to be a fulcrum of world maritime activity.

Full Text:



Buzan, Barry. 2007. People, State, and Fear: an Agenda for International Security Studies in the Post-Cold War Era. Colchester: ECPR Press.

Gilpin, R. 2001. Global Political Economy: Understanding the International Economic Order. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Hettne and Soderbaum. 2002. “Theorising the Rise of Regionness” in Shaun Breslin (et. al). New Regionalism in the Global Political Economy: Theories and Cases.London: Routledge.

Hettne, Bjorn. 1998. “Globalism, Regionalism and the New Third World” in Nana Poku & Lloyd Pettiford (eds). Redefining the Third World. London: Macmillan.

Sahasrabuddhe, Uttara. 2012. “Regionalism: How Successful? Inadequacy of Theories” in Vijay Sakhuja (Ed). Reinvigorating IOR-ARC. New Delhi: Pentagon Press.

Sakhuja, Vijay (Ed). 2012. Reinvigorating IOR-ARC. New Delhi: Pentagon Press.

Saripudin, Hery M. (Ed). 2014. Indonesia dan Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Tahun 2015-2017: Peluang dan Tantangan. Jakarta: Pusat Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Kebijakan Kawasan Asia Afrika – BPPK Kementerian Luar Negeri RI.


Dosenrode, Soren. 2010. “Regional Integration: Bringing the Classical Theories Back In?”, The IUP Journal of International Relations.Vol. IV.No. 1-2 (January & April).

Ravenhill, John. 1999. “APEC and the WTO: Which Way Forward for Trade Liberalization?” Contemporary Southeast Asia. Volume 21. No. 2. (August).

Dahlan, Firdaus. 2015. “Peran Indonesia Memperkuat Kerjasama di Kawasan Samudera Hindia”.Tabloid Diplomasi No. 85. Year VIII. (February, 15 – March, 14).


Saiman, Arifi, “Peluang dan Tantangan Indonesia dalam Forum Kerjasama Indian Ocean Rim Association”.Presentation Slide of BPPK Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, presented in Padang, July 2015.


Folda, S, “Nilai Perdagangan Capai 75 Persen, Indonesia Harus Manfaatkan KTT APEC”, September 16, 2013,, retrieved November 18, 2014.

"IORA Membership", from Indian Ocean Rim Association website at:, retrieved July 1, 2015.

“IORA Charter”, from Indian Ocean Rim Association website:, retrieved July 4, 2015.

“IORA Structure”,, retrieved July 2, 2015.

Jagranjosh, “13th Council of Ministers Meeting of the Indian Ocean Rim Association was held in Australia”,, retrieved July 14, 2015.

K. Aspasaf, “Pengembangan Konektivitas dan Peningkatan Investasi Infrastruktur Fokus Utama APEC di 2014”, Retrieved November 18, 2014.

“Maritime Safety and Security”,, retrieved July 2, 2015.

“Trade and Investment Facilitation”,, retrieved July 2, 2015.

“Vision and Mission of the Elected President, Joko Widodo”,, retrieved July 4, 2015.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 244 times
PDF - 117 times

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.