Rujito Dibyo Asmoro(1*), Tahan Lumban Toruan(2), Syaiful Anwar(3), Luhut Simbolon(4),

(1) The Republic Indonesia Defense University
(2) The Republic Indonesia Defense University
(3) The Republic Indonesia Defense University
(4) The Republic Indonesia Defense University
(*) Corresponding Author


It can be said that issues about Papua that often come to the surface are always associated with the legal aspect of the entry of Papua into an inseparable part of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI). Groups that want Papua to be separated from the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia not only seek support from countries such as Solomon Island or Vanuatu but also voice it to the United Nations forum. In this regard, a historical reflection is needed to provide an overview with an academic approach regarding the validity of Indonesia's claim to the territory of Papua as an inseparable part of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. This study aims to determine international legal practices that are relevant to the legitimacy of West Irian being part of the territory of the Republic of Indonesia and Indonesia's diplomacy in international forums in defending Papua. This study uses a historical approach in the form of a systematic literature review through source collection and is interpreted to answer the focus of this research. The results showed that Indonesia's success in defending Papua after independence was influenced by mastery of the rules of international law, the spirit of struggle of Indonesian diplomats at that time, and international legal practices related to the right to be independent and free from colonialism

Full Text:



Adryamarthanino, V. (2021). Pepera 1969 dan Kontroversinya. Retrieved October 30, 2021, from website:

Black, J. M., & Ubbes, V. A. (2009). Historical Research: A Thematic Analysis of Convention and Conference Themes from 1975-2009. International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 12, 33–47.

Chryshna, M. (2020). Sidang BPUPKI: Dinamika Penentuan Bentuk dan Wilayah Indonesia Merdeka. Retrieved October 30, 2021, from Kompaspedia website:

DeDominicis, B. E. (2016). Conceptualizing Causes and Consequences of Application of Uti Possidetis Juris in Europe. The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences: Annual Review, 11(1), 27–48.

Direktorat Pengolahan Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia. (2016). Guide Arsip Perjuangan Pembebasan Irian Barat. Retrieved October 17, 2021, from

Inyang, A., & Edet, B. J. (2019). The Atlantic Charter and Decolonization Movements in Africa, 1941-1960. African Journal of History and Archaeology, 4(1). Retrieved from

Korwa, R. (2013). Proses Integrasi Irian Barat ke Dalam NKRI. Jurnal Politico, 2(1). Retrieved from

Lynch, B. K. (1990). Designing Qualitative Research by Catherine Marshall an Gretchen B. Rossman. UCLA Issues in Applied Linguistics, 1(2). Retrieved from

Milestones: 1937–1945 - Office of the Historian. (2021). Retrieved from The Office of the Historian website:

Nainggolan, P. P. (2014). Aktivitas Internasional Gerakan Separatisme Papua. Kajian, 19(3), 181–199. Retrieved from

Nurdin, I., & Hartati, S. (2019). Metodologi Penelitian Sosial Ekonomi. In Andi Offset.

Reeves, M. (2014). The Broad, Toiling Masses in All the Continents: Anticolonial Activists and the Atlantic Charter. Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky. Retrieved from

Shaw, M. N. (2017). International law (8th ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Siswanto. (2010). Systematic Review sebagai Metode Penelitian untuk Mensintesis Hasil-Hasil Penelitian (Sebuah Pengantar). Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan, 13(4).

Tamene, G. (2004). International Relations of Diplomacy. In B. S. Sergi & W. T. Bagatelas (Eds.), Economics and Politics: Has 9/11 Changed Anything? Bratislava: Iura.

UN General Assembly. (1948). Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Retrieved from United Nations website:

UN General Assembly Resolution 44/225. (1991). Marine Policy, 15(5), 331–332.

United Nation Peacemaker. Indonesia and Netherlands Agreement (with Annex) Concerning West New Guinea. , Pub. L. No. 6311, United Nation Peacemaker (1962).

United Nations. (2003). United Nations Security Force in West New Guinea. Retrieved October 20, 2021, from Peace and Security website:

United Nations. (2006). Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly. Episodes Journal of International Geoscience, 29(4).

United Nations. (2015). Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Uti Possidetis Iuris - International Law.

Wakefield, D., Talbert, B. A., & Pense, S. (2006). A Descriptive Study on the Preparation of Student Teacher to Work with Diverse Population. Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development, 2(1).

Wyche, S., Sengers, P., & Grinter, R. E. (2006). Historical Analysis: Using the Past to Design the Future. In P. Dourish & A. Friday (Eds.), UbiComp 2006: Ubiquitous Computing: Vol. 4206 LNCS (pp. 35–51). Berlin: Springer.


Journal Terindex di Garuda

Office Address:
Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Republic of Indonesia Defense University
Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, Paseban,Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10440, Indonesia

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.