Kurniawan Firmuzi Syarifuddin(1*), Anak Agung Banyu Perwita(2), Munif Prasojo(3),

(1) Indonesia Ministry of Defence
(*) Corresponding Author


The acceptance of the United Kingdom as a new ASEAN dialogue partner ended the 22-year moratorium and stepped over several other countries. Becoming an ASEAN dialogue partner is one of the focuses of the United Kingdom's attention after leaving the European Union. To secure its national interests, the United Kingdom also restructured its defense strategy, which combined security, development, and foreign policy strategies in the Integrated Reviews. One of the military maneuvers carried out is ‘tilt’ to the Indo-Pacific Region as one of the new strategies. This article examines whether the United Kingdom military can play a crucial role in preparing a country's foreign policy regarding the acceptance of the United Kingdom as an ASEAN dialogue partner. A qualitative descriptive method has been chosen to complete the research through a case study approach. The study results that the various military deployment efforts carried out by the United Kingdom ultimately led to acceptance as an ASEAN dialogue partner. However, the research found that various supporting foreign policy factors must be comprehensively and interrelated to obtain an optimal foreign policy.

Full Text:



ADMM. (2021). Concept paper on the ADMM’s External engagements.

Ahmed, J. (2020). The Theoretical Significance of Foreign Policy in International Relations- an Analysis. Journal of Critical Review, 7(2), 78–792.

Alden, C., & Aran, A. (2016). Foreign Policy Analysis: New Approaches. In Foreign Policy Analysis: New approaches. United Kingdom: Routledge.

BBC News. (2021, March 16). UK to Shift Foreign Policy Focus Following Review. Retrieved April 4, 2021, from

Beale, J. (2021, May 1). HMS Queen Elizabeth: Why is a UK Aircraft Carrier going on a World Tour? Retrieved June 4, 2021, from BBC News website:

Bojang, A. S. (2018). The Study of Foreign Policy in International Relations. Journal of Political Sciences & Public Affirs, 6(4). Retrieved from

Breuning, M. (2007). Foreign Policy Analysis: A Comparative Introduction. In Foreign Policy Analysis: A Comparative Introduction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Brooke-Holland, L. (2021, October 11). Integrated Review 2021: The defence tilt to the Indo-Pacific October. House of Commmons Library. United Kingdom: Commons Library Research Briefing. Retrieved from

Cabinet Office. (2021, March 16). Global Britain in a Competitive Age: The Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy. Retrieved April 30, 2021, from

Clausewitz, C. Von. (1976). On War. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

CNN Indonesia. (2021, August 6). Inggris Resmi Jadi Mitra Dialog ASEAN. Retrieved September 5, 2021, from CNN Indonesia website:

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Penelitian Kualitatif & Desain Riset (memilih diantara lima pendekatan) (3rd ed.; S. Z. Qudsy, Ed.). Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Pustaka Pelajar.

Darmawan, A. (n.d.). Even The British Are Coming: Asean and The Internationalization of The South China Sea. Retrieved August 5, 2021, from

Defence Committee. (2020). In Search of Strategy - The 2020 Integrated Review. London. Retrieved from

Dinesh. (n.d.). National Power: Elements, Evaluation and Limitations. Retrieved April 30, 2021, from

Dugis, V. (2007). Analysing Foreign Policy. Jurnal Masyarakat, Kebudayaan Dan Politik, 20(2), 113–124.

Farlin, J. (2014). Instruments of National Power: How America Earned Independence. Carlisle: United States Army War College. Retrieved from

Haacke, J. (2021, June 18). The United Kingdom’s ‘Tilt’ Toward the Indo-Pacific. Retrieved August 30, 2021, from East Asia Forum website:

Hertenstein, G. (2019, September 22). DIME Without the “M†is DIE: A Case for Conventional Military Power in Modern Strategy Discourse. Retrieved April 6, 2021, from

Hudson, V. M. (2005). Foreign Policy Analysis: Actor-Specific Theory and the Ground of International Relations. Foreign Policy Analysis, 1(1), 1–30.

Khara, N. K. (2018). Determinants of Foreign Policy: A Global Perspective. International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews, 5(3), 105–115. Retrieved from

Kissinger, H. A. (1966). Domestic Structure and Foreign Policy. Daedalus, 95(2), 503–529. Retrieved from

Kliem, F. (2021, June 4). Is ASEAN too ‘Far East’ or Just Right for Global Britain? Retrieved April 30, 2021, from

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook (3rd ed.). California: Sage.

Parameswaran, P. (2020, January 24). What Does the UK’s New ASEAN Mission Say About Its Southeast Asia Engagement Post-Brexit? Retrieved April 6, 2021, from

Parker, E. (2021, July 5). Global Britain: Why the United Kingdom Needs ASEAN. Retrieved August 6, 2021, from

Perwita, A. A. B. (2008, January 12). Dinamika Keamanan dalam Hubungan Internasional dan Implikasinya bagi Indonesia. Sidang Tebuka. Bandung: Universitas Katolik Parahyangan. Retrieved from

Siebold, S. (2021, August 3). German Warship Heads for South China Sea Amid Tension with Beijing. Retrieved September 6, 2021, from

Storey, I. (2019). The United Kingdom and Southeast Asia after Brexit. Singapore: ISEAS Perspective. Retrieved from

Sugiyono. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan Kombinasi (Mixed Methods). Bandung: Alfabeta.

The Sun Daily. (2021, June 24). FPDA Defence Chiefs’ Conference to Boost Military Training Cooperation in Conventional Warfare. Retrieved July 6, 2021, from

Think Defence. (n.d.). Towards the Integrated Review. Retrieved April 5, 2021, from

Tim Huxley. (2017, June 1). Developing the Five Power Defence Arrangements. Retrieved April 6, 2021, from

Xuanzun, L. (2021, July 21). UK Warships’ S.China Sea Tour ‘Threatens China Politically More Than Militarily.’ Retrieved August 6, 2021, from


Journal Terindex di Garuda

Office Address:
Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Republic of Indonesia Defense University
Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, Paseban,Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10440, Indonesia

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi tentang Kajian dan Strategi Pertahanan yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism dan Integrity is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.