CYBER COOPERATION IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE ASEAN REGIME

Dedy Obet, Suharto Suharto, Henri Mujoko

Abstract


The COVID-19 pandemic has a given significant impact on both economics and internet-based digital services in Southeast Asia. It also applied to cross-border nontraditional security issues such as cyber-attacks that evolve continuously. The complexity of prevention acts towards cyber threats in Southeast Asia is quite complicated. Therefore, the ASEAN countries should form strong cooperation due to many anonymous and impromptu attacks. This research aims to analyze cyber cooperation within the ASEAN framework. The method applied in this article is the qualitative method, by accumulating data through earlier literature and studies. The outcome of this analysis shows the mechanism to perform cyber cooperation is through the ASEAN regional forum known as ARF (ASEAN Regional Forum) as the organizer of ASEAN countries' interactions in eliminating cyber-attacks. This research gives conclusions that the proposed mechanism should be flexible, multi-dimensional, and taking accounts from the economics point of view. 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Anjani, N. H. (2021). Perlindungan Keamanan Siber di Indonesia.

ASEAN Regional Forum. (2020). Chairman’s Statement of the 27th Asean Regional Forum (pp. 1–11). pp. 1–11. Seoul, Korean.

Barkin, J. (2015). International Organization: Theories and Institutions. Springer.

Borelli, M. (2017). ASEAN Counter-terrorism weaknesses. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses, 9(9), 14–20.

Caballero-Anthony, M. (2016). An introduction to non-traditional security studies: a transnational approach (1st ed.; M. Caballero-Anthony, Ed.). Singapore: Sage.

Chang, L. Y. C. (2017). Cybercrime and cyber security in ASEAN. In Comparative criminology in Asia (pp. 135–148). Springer.

Cisomag. (2020, January). Philippines – The Two Time Winner of Most Vulnerable Tag in SEA.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.

Davis, S., Sipahimalani, R., Baijal, A., Cannarsi, A., Neves, N. C., & Dhanuka, R. (2020). e-Conomy SEA 2020: Resilient and racing ahead — What marketers need to know about this year’s digital shifts. In e-Conomy SEA 2020 Report. Jakarta.

Hemmer, C., & Katzenstein, P. J. (2002). Why is there no NATO in Asia? Collective identity, regionalism, and the origins of multilateralism. International Organization, 56(3), 575–607.

IBM. (2019). Cost of a data breach report. In IBM Security. New York.

Inoguchi, T., & Le, L. T. Q. (2020). Sovereign States’ Participation in Multilateral Treaties. In The Development of Global Legislative Politics (1st ed., pp. 33–71). Switzerland AG: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9389-2_4

Irawan, F. L. P., Subagyo, A., & Oktaviani, J. (2017). Faktor-Faktor Penghambat Asean Intergovernmental Commission On Human Rights (Aichr) Dalam Penegakan Hak Asasi Manusia Di Asia Tenggara. Jurnal Dinamika Global, 2(01), 48–81.

Kemp, S. (2018, January). Digital in 2018: World’s internet users pass the 4 billion mark. We Are Social, pp. 1–18. New York.

Krasner, S. (1982). Structural Causes and Regime Consequences: Regimes as Intervening Variables. New York: Cornell University Press.

Krisman, K. (2013). A Secure Connection: Finding the Form of ASEAN Cyber Security Cooperation. JAS (Journal of ASEAN Studies), 1(1), 41–53.

Nallainathan, S. (2021). Analysis onto the Evolving Cyber-Attack Trends during COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 10(4). https://doi.org/10.21275/sr21403140109

Nguansuk, S. L. (2021, April). Fight to foil cyberthreats intensifies.

Palo Alto Networks. (2020). The state of cybersecurity in financial services. Finextra, pp. 1–8. Santa Clara: Palo Alto Networks.

Ramadhan, I. (2020a). Building Cybersecurity Regulation in Southeast Asia: A Challenge for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Journal of Social and Political Sciences, 3(4). https://doi.org/10.31014/aior.1991.03.04.230

Ramadhan, I. (2020b). Strategi Keamanan Cyber Security di Kawasan Asia Tenggara. Jurnal Asia Pacific Studies, 3(2), 181–192. https://doi.org/10.33541/japs.v3i1.1081

Raska, M., & Ang, B. (2018). Cybersecurity Asia in Southeast. In Asia Centre. National Technology of.

Shiying, W. (2020, October). Cyber security threats on the rise as more people work from home: Cisco survey, Singapore News & Top Stories - The Straits Times.

Soepandji, K. W., & Farid, M. (2018). Konsep Bela Negara dalam Perspektif Ketahanan Nasional. Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan, 48(436–456). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21143/jhp.vol48.no3.1741

The ASEAN Post Team. (2019, October). Southeast Asia’s Internet Economy Booming | The ASEAN Post.

Timur, F. G. C. (2017). The Rise of Cyber Diplomacy ASEAN’s Perspective in Cyber Security. KnE Social Sciences, 244–250.

Tsekeris, C., & Mastrogeorgiou, Y. (2020). Contextualising COVID-19 as a Digital Pandemic. Homo Virtualis, 3(2), 1. https://doi.org/10.12681/homvir.25445

Yadav, R. (2021). Cyber Security Threats During Covid-19 Pandemic. International Transaction Journal of Engineering Management & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 12(3), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.14456/ITJEMAST.2021.59




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33172/jp.v7i2.1264

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.