ANALYSIS OF DEFENSE STRATEGY POLICIES IN DEALING WITH THE POTENTIAL NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF THE SOUTH CHINA SEA CONFLICT

Angkasa Dipua, Lukman Yudho Prakoso, Dikry Rizanny Nurdiansyah

Abstract


Several countries have implemented the diplomacy model using second-track diplomacy in solving various problems. With the dynamics of global, regional, and national strategic environmental conditions, the second track diplomacy model is a step that is considered to be effective and efficient in finding solutions to every problem between countries. The Indonesian Navy, which, according to Kent Booth, has one of its functions in carrying out diplomacy, has carried out several diplomatic steps. As an archipelago that has land and sea borders with ten neighboring countries, prioritizing this second track diplomacy model is necessary. The purpose of this study is to find a marine defense strategy in dealing with the potential impacts of the conflict that occurred in the South China Sea. Considering the vast territory of Indonesia's territorial sea, a method of sea defense strategies can apply this diplomacy model. This study uses a literature study by gathering various information from various sources, then the theory used in conducting discussions and analysis with the theory of Barry Buzan. This study concludes an input and recommendations for policymakers to prioritize second-track diplomacy in solving various existing problems, especially in Indonesia's sea border region with neighboring countries.


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References


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Madrohim, M., & Prakoso, L. Y. (2021). The Total War Strategy Through the Improvement of the Role of National Shipyard in Supporting Main Weapon System of Indonesian Navy. Journal of Social and Political Sciences, 4(1).

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Prakoso, L. Y., Suhirwan, S., & Prihantoro, K. (2020). Sea Defense Strategy And Urgency Of Forming Maritime Command Center. Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi Ttg Kajian & Strategi Pertahanan Yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism & Integrity, 6(2), 200–211.

Prasetyo, K. A., Prakoso, L. Y., & Sianturi, D. (2021). Strategi Pertahanan Laut Pemerintah Indonesia dalam Menjaga Keamanan Maritim. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 5(1).

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Rachmad, Mohamad, Suhirwan, Zaini, Ansori, B. (n.d.). Strengthening the Marine Defense Strategy of Lanal Banten Area through Empowerment of the Traffic Separation Scheme.

Rifqi, M., & Prakoso, L. Y. (2020). Policy Implementation In Handling Transnational Crimes In Indonesian Sea Borders. 1st International Conference of Business and Social Sciences.

Sartono, S., Prakoso, L. Y., & Sianturi, D. (2021). Perimbangan Kekuatan Laut Indonesia Masa Kini Dihadapkan Dengan Geopolitik Kawasan Asia Pasifik. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 5(2).

Simatupang, G. (2013). Diplomasi Pertahanan ASEAN dalam Rangka Stabilitas Kawasan. Forum Pertahanan Dan Kajian Maritim, 22. Retrieved from https://www.fkpmar.org/diplomasi-pertahanan-asean-dalam-rangka-stabilitas-kawasan/

Suhirwan, S., & Prakoso, L. Y. (2019). Forum Maritim Kunci Sukses Penanggulangan Ancaman Asimetris di Selat Sunda. Prosiding Seminar Dan Lokakarya Kualitatif Indonesia: Pengembangan Budaya Penelitian Menuju Indonesia 4.0, 13–20. Banten: Universitas Matana. https://doi.org/10.33510/slki.2019.13-20

Supriyono, S., Prakoso, L. Y., & Sianturi, D. (2021). Pentingnya Penanaman Nilai-Nilai Kebangsaan Bagi Masyarakat Pesisir Pulau Terdepan Sebagai Upaya Keikutsertaan Warga Negara Dalam Bela Negara. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 5(3). Retrieved from http://jurnalprodi.idu.ac.id/index.php/SPL/article/view/647

Widiarto, S., Prakoso, L. Y., Suhardono, E., Warka, I. W., & Dar, D. (2021). Optimization of Sea Defense Strategy Through Operation of the Hospital Auxiliary Vessel to Support National Defense. Journal of Social and Political Sciences, 4(1).

Ali, I. M., Prakoso, L. Y., & Sianturi, D. (2021). Strategi Pertahanan Laut dalam Menghadapi Ancaman Keamanan maritim di Wilayah Laut Indonesia. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 6(2).

Booth, K. (2014). Navies and Foreign Policy (Routledge Revivals) (1st ed.). London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315769646

Diamond, L., & McDonald, J. W. (1996). Multi-track diplomacy: A systems approach to peace (3rd edition). West Hartford: Kumarian Press West Hartford, CT. Retrieved from https://www.rienner.com/title/Multi_Track_Diplomacy_A_Systems_Approach_to_Peace

Dipua, A., Hermawa, R., Puspitawati, D., Harahap, N., Nurdiansyah, D. R., & Prakoso, L. Y. (2020). An Analysis Of The South China Sea Conflict: Indonesia’s Perspectives, Contexts And Recommendations. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 17(4), 976–990.

Gupta, M. (2010). Indian Ocean Region : Maritime Regimes for Regional Cooperation. New York, NY: Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5989-8

Hakim, R. N. (2019). 15 Tahun Lalu: Jusuf Kalla, Tsunami Aceh, dan Perdamaian di Serambi Mekkah. Retrieved July 2, 2019, from Kompas website: https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2019/12/26/11302961/15-tahun-lalu-jusuf-kalla-tsunami-aceh-dan-perdamaian-di-serambi-mekkah?page=all

Harris, A., Prakoso, L. Y., & Sianturi, D. (2019). Strategi Pertahanan Laut dalam Rangka Ancaman Keamanan di Alur Laut Kepulauan Indonesia II. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 5(1).

Jones, P. (2020). Track Two Diplomacy in Theory and Practice. Stanford University Press. https://doi.org/doi:10.1515/9780804796323

Kurniawan, C., Widyarto, S., & Prakoso, L. Y. (2020). Implementasi Struktur Birokrasi Strategi Pertahanan Laut Menghadapi Ancaman Di Perairan Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 4(1).

Kusuma, A. W., Prakoso, L. Y., & Sianturi, D. (2021). Relevansi Strategi Pertahanan Laut Berdasarkan Doktrin Jalesveva Jayamahe Terhadap Globalisasi Dan Perkembangan Lingkungan Strategis. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 6(1).

Listiyono, Y., Prakoso, L. Y., & Sianturi, D. (2019). Membangun Kekuatan Laut Indonesia Dipandang Dari Pengawal Laut Dan Detterence Effect Indonesia. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 5(1). Retrieved from http://139.255.245.7/index.php/SPL/article/view/651

Madrohim, M., & Prakoso, L. Y. (2021). The Total War Strategy Through the Improvement of the Role of National Shipyard in Supporting Main Weapon System of Indonesian Navy. Journal of Social and Political Sciences, 4(1).

Multazam, A. (2010). Diplomasi pertahanan indonesia terhadap korea selatan feriode 2006-209 (Universitas Indonesia). Universitas Indonesia. Retrieved from https://library.ui.ac.id/detail?id=135850&lokasi=lokal

Nazir, M. (1985). Metode penelitian. Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?id=M_-dAQAACAAJ

Novaria, A. (2017). Marsekal Hadi: Wilayah Laut Indonesia Rawan. Retrieved June 30, 2020, from Media Indonesia website: https://mediaindonesia.com/politik-dan-hukum/135355/marsekal-hadi-wilayah-laut-indonesia-rawan

Palupi, E., Suhirwan, S., DAR, D., Suhardono, E., Sianturi, D., Prakoso, L. Y., & Bangun, E. (2021). Sea Defense Strategy Strengthening Through Improving The Readiness of Indonesian Naval Vessel Crew (Study: The Health Office of 1st Fleet Command). Journal of Social and Political Sciences, 4(1), 211–219. https://doi.org/10.31014/aior.1991.04.01.266

Prakoso, L. Y. (2021a). Defense Policy Analysis to Deal with Radicalism and Terrorism in Indonesian Universities. Journal of Social and Political Sciences, 4(1).

Prakoso, L. Y. (2021b). Implementation of Defense Policy Against Threats for Securing International Shipping Lanes in the Sunda Strait. Journal of Social and Political Sciences, 4(1).

Prakoso, L. Y., Suhirwan, S., & Prihantoro, K. (2020). Sea Defense Strategy And Urgency Of Forming Maritime Command Center. Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi Ttg Kajian & Strategi Pertahanan Yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism & Integrity, 6(2), 200–211.

Prasetyo, K. A., Prakoso, L. Y., & Sianturi, D. (2021). Strategi Pertahanan Laut Pemerintah Indonesia dalam Menjaga Keamanan Maritim. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 5(1).

Pssat. (2016). pssat. Retrieved June 30, 2020, from Pusat Studi website: https://pssat.ugm.ac.id/id/indonesia-second-track-diplomacy-penyelesaian-sengketa-laut-tiongkok-selatan-2015/

Puspen TNI. (2006). Diplomasi Pertahanan Indonesia-AS. Retrieved June 30, 2020, from Official Website of TNI website: https://www.tni.mil.id/view-2707-diplomasi-pertahanan-indonesia-as.html

Rachmad, Mohamad, Suhirwan, Zaini, Ansori, B. (n.d.). Strengthening the Marine Defense Strategy of Lanal Banten Area through Empowerment of the Traffic Separation Scheme.

Rifqi, M., & Prakoso, L. Y. (2020). Policy Implementation In Handling Transnational Crimes In Indonesian Sea Borders. 1st International Conference of Business and Social Sciences.

Sartono, S., Prakoso, L. Y., & Sianturi, D. (2021). Perimbangan Kekuatan Laut Indonesia Masa Kini Dihadapkan Dengan Geopolitik Kawasan Asia Pasifik. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 5(2).

Simatupang, G. (2013). Diplomasi Pertahanan ASEAN dalam Rangka Stabilitas Kawasan. Forum Pertahanan Dan Kajian Maritim, 22. Retrieved from https://www.fkpmar.org/diplomasi-pertahanan-asean-dalam-rangka-stabilitas-kawasan/

Suhirwan, S., & Prakoso, L. Y. (2019). Forum Maritim Kunci Sukses Penanggulangan Ancaman Asimetris di Selat Sunda. Prosiding Seminar Dan Lokakarya Kualitatif Indonesia: Pengembangan Budaya Penelitian Menuju Indonesia 4.0, 13–20. Banten: Universitas Matana. https://doi.org/10.33510/slki.2019.13-20

Supriyono, S., Prakoso, L. Y., & Sianturi, D. (2021). Pentingnya Penanaman Nilai-Nilai Kebangsaan Bagi Masyarakat Pesisir Pulau Terdepan Sebagai Upaya Keikutsertaan Warga Negara Dalam Bela Negara. Strategi Pertahanan Laut, 5(3). Retrieved from http://jurnalprodi.idu.ac.id/index.php/SPL/article/view/647

Widiarto, S., Prakoso, L. Y., Suhardono, E., Warka, I. W., & Dar, D. (2021). Optimization of Sea Defense Strategy Through Operation of the Hospital Auxiliary Vessel to Support National Defense. Journal of Social and Political Sciences, 4(1).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33172/jp.v7i1.860

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