THE INDONESIAN NATIONAL ARMED FORCES (TNI) AND FALINTIL- FORÇAS DE DEFESA DE TIMOR LESTE (F-FDTL)’S DEFENSE DIPLOMACY: A WAY OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN TIMOR LESTE

Khory Wandira Ambarsari, Helda Risman

Abstract


Indonesia and Timor Leste have had an irrelevant relationship related to the history of Seroja Operation on 7 December 1975 when the TNI, formerly known as ABRI (Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia) carried out a total military operation in order to keep Timor Leste for not separate from Indonesia, while later it caused losses where many TNI and Falintil- Forças De Defesa De Timor Leste (F-FDTL)’s personnel were killed in the war. Time passed, now the relationship between both countries is getting better due to the efforts from the Indonesian and Timor Leste’s parties, especially the national armies, had been done. To solve the conflict between those countries, defense diplomacy is needed. In this article, the writers tend to describe how both armed forces conduct defense diplomacy so Indonesia and Timor Leste’s relationship is getting better, indeed now both countries have done some collaborations in some aspects in the economy and military. Later, the writers will analyze more to find out the best conflict resolution that had been done by both armed forces, and the existence of each State Leaders’ participation. It is clearly stated that by utilizing defense diplomacy through visiting state leaders, having an official meeting, holding military cooperation such as doing exchange troops are some best ways of conflict resolution that can be done by Indonesia and Timor Leste to create a better relationship.

Keywords: Defense Diplomacy, Conflict Resolution, Indonesia National Army (TNI), F-FDTL, Timor Leste


Full Text:

PDF

References


Anggitta, M. (2014). The Agreement on the Land Boundary Between RI and Timor Leste: A Study of Indonesian Border Diplomacy. Jurnal Penelitian Politik, 11(1), 26–29.

Buletin La’o Hamutuk. (2005). Tinjauan Terhadap Transformasi FALINTIL ke F-FDTL dan Implikasinya. Buletin La’o Hamutuk.

Citkowski, M. M. and E. (2019). East Timor and Indonesia’s Political Explosion, in Solidarity. Retrieved November 19, 2019, from https://solidarity-us.org/atc/83/p922/

Cottey, A., & Forster, A. (2004). Reshaping defense diplomacy: New roles for military cooperation and assistance (365th ed.). Adelphi Paper.

Galtung, J. (1965). Institutionalized Conflict Resolution: A theoretical paradigm. Journal of Peace Research. https://doi.org/10.1177/002234336500200404

Gumilar, N. (2017). DUKUNGAN KAMPANYE MILITER TERHADAP DIPLOMASI INDONESIA DI PERBATASAN DARAT INDONESIA – TIMOR LESTE. Jurnal Pertahanan & Bela Negara. https://doi.org/10.33172/jpbh.v7i2.212

Horta, J. R. (1998). Funu: Perjuangan Timor Leste Belum Selesai. Dili: Solidaritas untuk Timor Leste – SOLIDAMOR.

Inayati, R. S. (2005). Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono dan Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian Politik - LIPI. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.14203/jpp.v2i1.390

Johan, G. (1973). Theories of Conflict: Definitions, Dimensions, Negations, and Formations. Foreign Affairs.

Lloyd, G. J. (2003). The diplomacy on East Timor: Indonesia, the United Nations, and the international community. In Out of the Ashes: Destruction and Reconstruction of East Timor. https://doi.org/10.22459/oa.11.2003.05

Lumanauw, N. (2014). SBY Undang Xanana Bersantap Nasi Goreng di Cikeas. Retrieved November 20, 2019, from https://www.beritasatu.com/nasional/205453/sby-undang-xanana-bersantap-nasi-goreng-di-cikeas

Maulana, V. (2014). Xanana Terharu Dapat Penghargaan dari Indonesia. Retrieved November 20, 2019, from https://international.sindonews.com/read/910298/40/xanana-terharu-dapat-penghargaan-dari-indonesia-1412938528

Ministry of Defense. Agreement Between The Government Of The Republic Of Indonesia And The Government Of The Democratic Republic Of Timor Leste Concerning Cooperation Activities In The Field Of Defense (2015). Indonesia.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Indonesia. (2019). Menlu Retno Bertemu Menlu Timor-Leste Bahas Peningkatan Kerja Sama Indonesia dan Timor-Leste. Retrieved November 19, 2019, from https://kemlu.go.id/portal/i/read/266/berita/menlu-retno-bertemu-menlu-timor-leste-bahas-peningkatan-kerja-sama-indonesia-dan-timor-leste

Nye, J. S. J. (2004). Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics. United States: Public Affairs Books.

Pinto, J. T. (2014). Dari Invasi ke Rekonsiliasi: Dinamika Hubungan FALINTIL-Forca De Defesa De Timor Leste dan Tentara Nasional Indonesia. Jakarta: Kompas.

Pusat Sejarah TNI. (2016). Monumen Seroja (Seroja Monument), Markas Besar Tentara Nasional Indonesia Pusat Sejarah TNI. Bekasi: CV. Tegarandhika.

Puspen TNI. (2019). Afternoon Tea Rekatkan Hubungan Kerjasama TNI dan F-FDTL. Retrieved November 16, 2019, from https://tni.mil.id/view-158474-afternoon-tea-rekatkan-hubungan-kerjasama-tni-dan-f-fdtl.html

Riski, G. A. A. (2011). The Diplomacy of Timor Leste-Indonesia in human Right Settlement: From Multilateral to Bilateral. Universitas Jember.

Saldanha, P. (2018). Kebijakan Luar Negeri Timor Leste Terhadap Indonesia. Jurnal Universitas Muhammadyah Yogyakarta.

Sugiyono. (2018). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Taylor, J. G. (1998). Perang Tersembunyi: Sejarah Timor Timur yang Terlupakan. Jakarta: Fortilos.

The Jakarta Post. (2019). Timor Leste to Begin Talks on Maritime Boundary Delimitation. Retrieved November 16, 2019, from https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/07/23/indonesia-timor-leste-to-begin-talks-on-maritime-boundary-delimitation.html

Timor Leste’s Government. (2007). Force 2020 Plan. Timor Leste.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33172/jp.v5i3.617

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.