THE US STRATEGY OF ARMED DRONE USAGE IN FIGHTING THE TALIBAN ELEMENTS IN PAKISTAN (2004-2016)

Nisrina Nadhifa, Anak Agung Banyu Perwita

Abstract


Prior to the Trump’s presidency the US have performed as many as 400 armed drone strikes in Pakistan, killing approximately 3.000 terrorist targets including key leaders that hold important value to the organizations. More than a decade these attacks were performed, yet we have not seen the end of the terrorist and insurgent’s presence in Pakistan. This leads into a thought whether the attacks were effective or not. Therefore, this study aims to analyze, predominantly  evaluating the use of the targeted killing strategy in this US counterterrorism effort. The study uses qualitative research method by using Robert A. Pape’s perspective in strategic effectiveness and David Galula’s counterinsurgency perspective. Those perspectives pointed out the cause of this situation is due to the inability of the attacked target set to trigger the destruction of the movement, the inability of the US to secure the ends, ways, and means of the operation which involve the dissociation between the population and the insurgents, their ability to forge proper cooperation with its local ally, and the un-favoring view of the local population toward its targeted killings practice has resulted in the infectivity of the strategy and a prolonged fight between the US and its opponent. In sum, it can be inferred that despite capable of eliminating numerous high-value targets the targeted killing strategy is deemed ineffective due to its inability to procure full destruction of its opponent and due to the inability of the US to secure the ends, ways, and means of the operation which would have increase the success of the strategy.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Aleem, Z. (2018). “Trump’s Sudden New Fight with Pakistan, Explained.” Retrieved January 8, 2018, from https://www.vox.com/world/2018/1/8/16850116/trump-pakistan-suspend-aid

Aslam, W. (2013). The United States and great power responsibility in international society: Drones, rendition and invasion. The United States and Great Power Responsibility in International Society: Drones, Rendition and Invasion. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203380116

CIA. (2003). “National Strategy for Combating Terrorism.” Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/news-information/cia-the-war-on-terrorism/Counter_Terrorism_Strategy.pdf.

Coll, S. (2014). “The Unblinking Stare.” Retrieved from https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/11/24/unblinking-stare

Crenshaw, M. (1991). How Terrorism Declines. Terrorism and Political Violence. https://doi.org/10.1080/09546559108427093

Fisher, M. (2016). “Does Killing Terrorist Leaders Make Any Difference? Scholars are Doubtful.” Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/31/world/middleeast/syria-killing-terrorist-leaders.html

International Human Rights and Conflict Resolution Clinic (Stanford Law School) and Global Justice Clinic (NYU School of Law). (2012). Living Under Drones: Death, Injury, and Trauma to Civilians from US Drone Practice in Pakistan.

Johnston, P. B., & Sarbahi, A. K. (2016). The impact of us drone strikes on terrorism in Pakistan. International Studies Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1093/isq/sqv004

Jordan, J. (2009). "When Head Roll: Assessing the Effectiveness of Leadership Decapitation”. Security Studies, 18, 719–755. https://doi.org/10.1080/09636410903369068

Markey, D. S. (2008). Securing Pakistan Tribal Belt: Council Special Report No. 36. New York.

Oots, K. L. (1989). Organizational perspectives on the formation and disintegration of terrorist groups. Terrorism. https://doi.org/10.1080/10576108908435783

Pape, R. A. (1996). Beyond Strategic Bombing. In Bombing to Win: Air Power and Coercion in War. https://doi.org/10.7591/j.ctt1287f6v.12

Seldin, J. (2016). “US Officials Tells VOA Mansour’s Death Have Little Battlefield Impact.” Retrieved from https://www.voanews.com/a/unites-states-afghan-taliban-leader-mansoor-likely-killed-in-drone-strike/3340859.html

Ward, A. (2018). “Why Trump Cut Millions in Military Aid to Pakistan.” Retrieved from https://www.vox.com/2018/9/4/17818396/pakistan-aid-military-trump-pompeo-afghanistan

Williams, B. G. (2010). The CIA’s covert predator drone war in Pakistan, 2004-2010: The history of an assassination campaign. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2010.508483




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33172/jp.v5i2.504

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pertahanan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.